Performance of haploid x wild species, 2x hybrids (involving five newly evaluated species) in 4x × 2x families View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-07

AUTHORS

G. L. Yerk, S. J. Peloquin

ABSTRACT

The 4x × 2x breeding scheme in potato allows introgression of germ-plasm from the 2x wild species into the cultivated tetraploid. Eighteen 4x × 2x, forty-five 4x × 4x, seven 4x-selfs, and five open pollinated (OP) families were transplanted in a randomized complete block design with two replications and 18 plants per family per replication. The 2x parents of the 4x × 2x families were seven haploid x wild species hybrids. These hybrids involve five 2x, wild species,Solanum bukasovii, S. gourlayi, S. muhidissectum, S. vermi, andS. verrucosum, which had not previously been evaluated in the 4x × 2x breeding scheme. Data were recorded for family yield, maturity, tuber uniformity, tuber number, and general tuber appearance. The 4x × 2x families as a group performed as well as or better than the 4x × 4x, 4x-self, and 4x-OP groups for all traits except maturity. Within family maturity distributions for 4x × 2x families indicate the possibility to select early maturing clones from high yielding families. Eleven of the fifteen families in the top 25% of the 4x × 2x and 4x × 4x families for yield were 4x × 2x families. Three of the four 2x parents evaluated for parental performance gave highly significant responses for increased yield. 4x × 2x families with Chiquita as a parent were the poorest yielding while several of the 4x x 4x families of which it was a parent were among the highest yielding: This indicates that the benefits of maximum heterozygosity may be overridden if the percentage of unadapted germplasm is too high. More... »

PAGES

405-417

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03044509

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03044509

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036707807


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