Depressive effect of isoflurane on motor evoked potentials in the Nubian goat View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

2000-01

AUTHORS

H. Andel, G. S. Bayer, R. Ciovica, J. Monsivais, M. Basco, M. Zimpfer, E. Turkof

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: To determine the effect of isoflurane on motor evoked potentials (MEP) in a new animal model designed to verify the applicability of MEPs in brachial plexus surgery, and to compare the results with previous reports in other animals. METHODS: In seven goats, anesthesia was induced with 3 mg x kg(-1) ketamine i.v. and maintained with nitrous oxide 40% in oxygen and 2 microg x kg(-1) x hr(-1) fentanyl i.v.. The MEP were performed with two subcutaneous needle electrodes placed over the occiput (cathode) and the nasion (anode), with their plugs connected to the power output of a Digitimer D 180 electrical stimulator, connected to the trigger input of an electromyograph (model 8400, Cadwell Laboratories, Inc., Kennwick, Washington). Activation of the Digitimer caused central stimulation of the motor cortex, evoking baseline compound muscle action potentials (CMAPs) which were recorded from the left triceps muscle. Subsequently, isoflurane 2% was administered together with repeated central stimulation at 30 sec intervals. RESULTS: Onset of I- (indirect) waves increased from median 15,8 msec to median 26,8 msec P = 0,018 (latency increase ranged from: 9 to 11.5 msec), while peak-to-peak amplitudes decreased and subsequently disappeared. D- (direct) waves showed no latency increase, and finally disappeared as well. After disappearance of CMAPs, isoflurane administration was stopped and MEP repeated. The CMAPs reappeared (range: 210-360 sec) and regained initial peak-to-peak amplitudes and latencies. CONCLUSION: These animal studies suggest that isoflurane should not be used during the recording of MEPs. More... »

PAGES

81-86

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03020739

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03020739

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003760613

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10626726


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