The epidural structure changes during deep breathing View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1999-09

AUTHORS

Takashi Igarashi, Yoshihiro Hirabayashi, Reiju Shimizu, Kazuhiko Saitoh, Hirokazu Fukuda

ABSTRACT

PURPOSE: Previous experience has suggested that the insertion of an epidural catheter becomes easier when the patient takes a deep breath. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of respiration on the epidural space. METHODS: We examined the epidural space using a flexible epiduroscope in 20 patients undergoing thoracic epidural anesthesia. A 17-gauge Tuohy needle was inserted using the paramedian technique and the loss-of-resistance method with 5 ml air. The epiduroscope was introduced into the epidural space via the Tuohy needle. Each patient was requested to take a deep breath when the epiduroscope was positioned at the needle tip and at approximately 10 cm cephalad from the needle tip within the epidural space. The changes in the epidural structure during deep breathing at each site were then measured. RESULTS: In 80% of the patients, fatty tissue occupied the needle tip. Through the patients' maximal inspiration, the fatty tissue moved and a visible cavity expanded at the needle tip. Cross section area of the visible cavity at the needle tip was greater at the maximal inspiratory level than at the resting expiratory level: 12.1 +/- 6.7% vs 2.8 +/- 2.1% (mean +/- SD, P < 0.0001). In all patients, the visible cavity within the epidural space, which had already been expanded by injected air, became more expanded after maximal inspiration. Cross section area of the visible cavity at the 10 cm cephalad position was greater at the maximal inspiratory level than at the resting expiratory level: 20.6 +/- 10.0% vs 7.0 +/- 5.3% (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Epiduroscopy showed that deep breathing expanded the potential cavity of the epidural space. We suggest that the changes in the epidural structure during deep breathing may assist in the insertion of an epidural catheter. More... »

PAGES

850-855

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03012974

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03012974

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052232824

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10490153


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1103", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Clinical Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/11", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Medical and Health Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Adipose Tissue", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Anesthesia, Epidural", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Endoscopy", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Epidural Space", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Female", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Fiber Optic Technology", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Humans", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Male", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Middle Aged", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "inDefinedTermSet": "https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/", 
        "name": "Respiration", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Jichi Medical University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Anesthesiology, Jichi Medical School, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Minamikawachi-machi, Kawachi-gun, 329-0498, Tochigi-ken, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Igarashi", 
        "givenName": "Takashi", 
        "id": "sg:person.01122132700.70", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01122132700.70"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Jichi Medical University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Anesthesiology, Jichi Medical School, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Minamikawachi-machi, Kawachi-gun, 329-0498, Tochigi-ken, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Hirabayashi", 
        "givenName": "Yoshihiro", 
        "id": "sg:person.0646524770.17", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0646524770.17"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Jichi Medical University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Anesthesiology, Jichi Medical School, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Minamikawachi-machi, Kawachi-gun, 329-0498, Tochigi-ken, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Shimizu", 
        "givenName": "Reiju", 
        "id": "sg:person.01236372110.73", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01236372110.73"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Jichi Medical University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Anesthesiology, Jichi Medical School, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Minamikawachi-machi, Kawachi-gun, 329-0498, Tochigi-ken, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Saitoh", 
        "givenName": "Kazuhiko", 
        "id": "sg:person.0667670556.63", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667670556.63"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Jichi Medical University", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Anesthesiology, Jichi Medical School, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Minamikawachi-machi, Kawachi-gun, 329-0498, Tochigi-ken, Japan"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Fukuda", 
        "givenName": "Hirokazu", 
        "id": "sg:person.012740763302.84", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012740763302.84"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/78.2.149", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000100123"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/71.4.495", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003669455"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.67.2.266", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004870272"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199402001-00010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007958022"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199402001-00010", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007958022"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-198607000-00008", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025895834"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-198802000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027386082"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-198802000-00007", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027386082"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/77.3.347", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028278815"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-199312000-00037", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028939650"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-199312000-00037", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028939650"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/78.5.583", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034332238"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.1989.tb11311.x", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036238662"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-198902000-00016", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037518888"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-199305000-00042", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040636279"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/81.2.121", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048671502"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/39.8.612", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050297470"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001010050129", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054510333", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001010050129"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/s001010050129", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054510333", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/s001010050129"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080116346", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082990525", 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1999-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1999-09-01", 
    "description": "PURPOSE: Previous experience has suggested that the insertion of an epidural catheter becomes easier when the patient takes a deep breath. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of respiration on the epidural space.\nMETHODS: We examined the epidural space using a flexible epiduroscope in 20 patients undergoing thoracic epidural anesthesia. A 17-gauge Tuohy needle was inserted using the paramedian technique and the loss-of-resistance method with 5 ml air. The epiduroscope was introduced into the epidural space via the Tuohy needle. Each patient was requested to take a deep breath when the epiduroscope was positioned at the needle tip and at approximately 10 cm cephalad from the needle tip within the epidural space. The changes in the epidural structure during deep breathing at each site were then measured.\nRESULTS: In 80% of the patients, fatty tissue occupied the needle tip. Through the patients' maximal inspiration, the fatty tissue moved and a visible cavity expanded at the needle tip. Cross section area of the visible cavity at the needle tip was greater at the maximal inspiratory level than at the resting expiratory level: 12.1 +/- 6.7% vs 2.8 +/- 2.1% (mean +/- SD, P < 0.0001). In all patients, the visible cavity within the epidural space, which had already been expanded by injected air, became more expanded after maximal inspiration. Cross section area of the visible cavity at the 10 cm cephalad position was greater at the maximal inspiratory level than at the resting expiratory level: 20.6 +/- 10.0% vs 7.0 +/- 5.3% (P < 0.0001).\nCONCLUSION: Epiduroscopy showed that deep breathing expanded the potential cavity of the epidural space. We suggest that the changes in the epidural structure during deep breathing may assist in the insertion of an epidural catheter.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf03012974", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": true, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1017152", 
        "issn": [
          "0832-610X", 
          "1496-8975"
        ], 
        "name": "Journal canadien d'anesth\u00e9sie", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "9", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "46"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "The epidural structure changes during deep breathing", 
    "pagination": "850-855", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "f8cd51e3e80c48362c28a0c1ce6ef7598666e86609f517f6a97bd2d239a1d0a8"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "pubmed_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10490153"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "nlm_unique_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "8701709"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf03012974"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1052232824"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03012974", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052232824"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T09:11", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000338_0000000338/records_47980_00000001.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF03012974"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03012974'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03012974'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03012974'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03012974'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

191 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      57 URIs      32 LITERALS      20 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf03012974 schema:about N051fc1eeb9dd45f38c230b139e40e619
2 N1cea5b512c914b65bdeb2d2cc4053f4d
3 N2a2742f642a94226a6f1d43371c91c70
4 N3965af72b08f4470b5b46d1a119ab360
5 N56399309198444a7a02409ae3b4bea5b
6 N5cd57edd045846f8a5b3557e4143eeb3
7 N62c66ccb03944ebb891723ef2c3291a0
8 N7f2ef83e81ec43078b42f6c03ff4b7e3
9 N889380a2b62a45dc8a9c2e4583932fb4
10 Nb20f7c20e5e146579ed1a91c3a9f89cb
11 Nbedcf49a83024fc18ae07513bc4fb65d
12 anzsrc-for:11
13 anzsrc-for:1103
14 schema:author Nbad4f89b423344da8ff3e0260319192b
15 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/s001010050129
16 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080116346
17 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082990525
18 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/39.8.612
19 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/71.4.495
20 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/77.3.347
21 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/78.2.149
22 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/78.5.583
23 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/81.2.121
24 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-198802000-00007
25 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-199312000-00037
26 https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199402001-00010
27 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.1989.tb11311.x
28 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.67.2.266
29 https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-198607000-00008
30 https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-198902000-00016
31 https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-199305000-00042
32 schema:datePublished 1999-09
33 schema:datePublishedReg 1999-09-01
34 schema:description PURPOSE: Previous experience has suggested that the insertion of an epidural catheter becomes easier when the patient takes a deep breath. The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of respiration on the epidural space. METHODS: We examined the epidural space using a flexible epiduroscope in 20 patients undergoing thoracic epidural anesthesia. A 17-gauge Tuohy needle was inserted using the paramedian technique and the loss-of-resistance method with 5 ml air. The epiduroscope was introduced into the epidural space via the Tuohy needle. Each patient was requested to take a deep breath when the epiduroscope was positioned at the needle tip and at approximately 10 cm cephalad from the needle tip within the epidural space. The changes in the epidural structure during deep breathing at each site were then measured. RESULTS: In 80% of the patients, fatty tissue occupied the needle tip. Through the patients' maximal inspiration, the fatty tissue moved and a visible cavity expanded at the needle tip. Cross section area of the visible cavity at the needle tip was greater at the maximal inspiratory level than at the resting expiratory level: 12.1 +/- 6.7% vs 2.8 +/- 2.1% (mean +/- SD, P < 0.0001). In all patients, the visible cavity within the epidural space, which had already been expanded by injected air, became more expanded after maximal inspiration. Cross section area of the visible cavity at the 10 cm cephalad position was greater at the maximal inspiratory level than at the resting expiratory level: 20.6 +/- 10.0% vs 7.0 +/- 5.3% (P < 0.0001). CONCLUSION: Epiduroscopy showed that deep breathing expanded the potential cavity of the epidural space. We suggest that the changes in the epidural structure during deep breathing may assist in the insertion of an epidural catheter.
35 schema:genre research_article
36 schema:inLanguage en
37 schema:isAccessibleForFree true
38 schema:isPartOf Nbec5b3da70754bc396a3702dddd8bf4f
39 Nd506fdb2ced047d18a0e9f9847614df4
40 sg:journal.1017152
41 schema:name The epidural structure changes during deep breathing
42 schema:pagination 850-855
43 schema:productId N22143840a3c849e0856e3887b0d5179d
44 N36b4cfd496d34d8fa23b7f7244673825
45 N688b1e7200ca400fa65a89047385a25f
46 Nc864cddf7671437f804f5f96e4e9eb84
47 Nf59699ef62c840cda034794a8624dfd2
48 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052232824
49 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf03012974
50 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T09:11
51 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
52 schema:sdPublisher Nf951222cedfe44ceb9cddd3b1fab47d4
53 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF03012974
54 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
55 sgo:sdDataset articles
56 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
57 N051fc1eeb9dd45f38c230b139e40e619 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
58 schema:name Fiber Optic Technology
59 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
60 N1cea5b512c914b65bdeb2d2cc4053f4d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
61 schema:name Endoscopy
62 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
63 N22143840a3c849e0856e3887b0d5179d schema:name readcube_id
64 schema:value f8cd51e3e80c48362c28a0c1ce6ef7598666e86609f517f6a97bd2d239a1d0a8
65 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
66 N2a2742f642a94226a6f1d43371c91c70 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
67 schema:name Middle Aged
68 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
69 N36b4cfd496d34d8fa23b7f7244673825 schema:name doi
70 schema:value 10.1007/bf03012974
71 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
72 N3965af72b08f4470b5b46d1a119ab360 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
73 schema:name Adipose Tissue
74 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
75 N3c5e665b88874e75a2fa508ee3192bc0 rdf:first sg:person.012740763302.84
76 rdf:rest rdf:nil
77 N56399309198444a7a02409ae3b4bea5b schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
78 schema:name Respiration
79 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
80 N5cd57edd045846f8a5b3557e4143eeb3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
81 schema:name Anesthesia, Epidural
82 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
83 N62c66ccb03944ebb891723ef2c3291a0 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
84 schema:name Female
85 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
86 N63e82b28c5a547d385ef22f8187adee9 rdf:first sg:person.0667670556.63
87 rdf:rest N3c5e665b88874e75a2fa508ee3192bc0
88 N688b1e7200ca400fa65a89047385a25f schema:name pubmed_id
89 schema:value 10490153
90 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
91 N7c0d222e3a97442588f7ded54aeebf17 rdf:first sg:person.01236372110.73
92 rdf:rest N63e82b28c5a547d385ef22f8187adee9
93 N7f2ef83e81ec43078b42f6c03ff4b7e3 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
94 schema:name Male
95 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
96 N889380a2b62a45dc8a9c2e4583932fb4 schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
97 schema:name Humans
98 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
99 Nb20f7c20e5e146579ed1a91c3a9f89cb schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
100 schema:name Aged
101 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
102 Nbad4f89b423344da8ff3e0260319192b rdf:first sg:person.01122132700.70
103 rdf:rest Nbf870c1643b641619ccad83740d0df5a
104 Nbec5b3da70754bc396a3702dddd8bf4f schema:issueNumber 9
105 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
106 Nbedcf49a83024fc18ae07513bc4fb65d schema:inDefinedTermSet https://www.nlm.nih.gov/mesh/
107 schema:name Epidural Space
108 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
109 Nbf870c1643b641619ccad83740d0df5a rdf:first sg:person.0646524770.17
110 rdf:rest N7c0d222e3a97442588f7ded54aeebf17
111 Nc864cddf7671437f804f5f96e4e9eb84 schema:name dimensions_id
112 schema:value pub.1052232824
113 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
114 Nd506fdb2ced047d18a0e9f9847614df4 schema:volumeNumber 46
115 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
116 Nf59699ef62c840cda034794a8624dfd2 schema:name nlm_unique_id
117 schema:value 8701709
118 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
119 Nf951222cedfe44ceb9cddd3b1fab47d4 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
120 rdf:type schema:Organization
121 anzsrc-for:11 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
122 schema:name Medical and Health Sciences
123 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
124 anzsrc-for:1103 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
125 schema:name Clinical Sciences
126 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
127 sg:journal.1017152 schema:issn 0832-610X
128 1496-8975
129 schema:name Journal canadien d'anesthésie
130 rdf:type schema:Periodical
131 sg:person.01122132700.70 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9
132 schema:familyName Igarashi
133 schema:givenName Takashi
134 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01122132700.70
135 rdf:type schema:Person
136 sg:person.01236372110.73 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9
137 schema:familyName Shimizu
138 schema:givenName Reiju
139 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01236372110.73
140 rdf:type schema:Person
141 sg:person.012740763302.84 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9
142 schema:familyName Fukuda
143 schema:givenName Hirokazu
144 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012740763302.84
145 rdf:type schema:Person
146 sg:person.0646524770.17 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9
147 schema:familyName Hirabayashi
148 schema:givenName Yoshihiro
149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0646524770.17
150 rdf:type schema:Person
151 sg:person.0667670556.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9
152 schema:familyName Saitoh
153 schema:givenName Kazuhiko
154 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0667670556.63
155 rdf:type schema:Person
156 sg:pub.10.1007/s001010050129 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1054510333
157 https://doi.org/10.1007/s001010050129
158 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
159 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1080116346 schema:CreativeWork
160 https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1082990525 schema:CreativeWork
161 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/39.8.612 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050297470
162 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
163 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/71.4.495 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003669455
164 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
165 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/77.3.347 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028278815
166 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
167 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/78.2.149 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000100123
168 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
169 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/78.5.583 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034332238
170 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
171 https://doi.org/10.1093/bja/81.2.121 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048671502
172 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
173 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-198802000-00007 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027386082
174 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
175 https://doi.org/10.1097/00000542-199312000-00037 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028939650
176 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
177 https://doi.org/10.1097/00007632-199402001-00010 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1007958022
178 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
179 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2044.1989.tb11311.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1036238662
180 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
181 https://doi.org/10.1161/01.cir.67.2.266 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1004870272
182 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
183 https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-198607000-00008 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1025895834
184 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
185 https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-198902000-00016 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1037518888
186 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
187 https://doi.org/10.1213/00000539-199305000-00042 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040636279
188 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
189 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.410804.9 schema:alternateName Jichi Medical University
190 schema:name Department of Anesthesiology, Jichi Medical School, 3311-1 Yakushiji, Minamikawachi-machi, Kawachi-gun, 329-0498, Tochigi-ken, Japan
191 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...