Pharmacodynamic behaviour of rocuronium in the elderly View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle      Open Access: True


Article Info

DATE

1993-02

AUTHORS

D. R. Bevan, P. Fiset, P. Balendran, J. C. Law-Min, A. Ratcliffe, F. Donati

ABSTRACT

This study compared the potency and time course of action of rocuronium (ORG 9426) in elderly and young patients during nitrous oxide-opioid anaesthesia. One hundred ASA physical status I– II patients (60, âgéd 65–80 yr, and 40, âgéd 20–45 yr) were studied by measuring the force of contraction of the adductor pollicis in response to train-of-four stimulation of the ulnar nerve. After induction of anaesthesia with thiopentone and maintenance with N2O/O2 and fentanyl, rocuronium 120,160, 200, or 240 μg · kg−1 was administered to determine dose-response curves. When maximum block had been obtained,further rocuronium to a total of 300 μg · kg−1 was given. Additional doses of 100 μg · kg−1 were administered when the first twitch height (T1) had recovered to 25% control. At the end of surgery neuromuscular blockade was allowed, whenever possible, to recover spontaneously until T1 was 90% of control before administration of neostigmine. There was no difference in the potency of rocuronium in the elderly and the younger patients. The ED50 was 196 ±8 (SEE for the mean) in elderly,vs 215 ±17 iμg · kg− 1 in young patients (NS). When individual cumulative dose-response curves were constructed, the ED50 was 203 ± 7(SEM) and 201 ± 10 μg · kg− 1 in the elderly and the young respectively (NS). However, the onset of maximum neuromuscular block was slower in the elderly 3.7 ±1.1 (SD) vs 3.1 ± 0.9 min, P < 0.05). The time to 25% T1 recovery was longer in the elderly (11.8 ± 8.1 vs 8.0 ± 6.5 min,P <0.05) as was the recovery index, time from 25 to 75% T1 recovery (15.5 ± 6.2 vs 11.2 ± 4.9 min, P< 0.05). The duration of neuromuscular block after each maintenance dose was longer in the elderly (P <0.01) and increased gradually with time. It is concluded that rocuronium is an intermediate-acting neuromuscular blocking drug with a similar potency in elderly and young patients, but the onset and recovery of neuromuscular blockade are slower in the elderly. More... »

PAGES

127-132

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf03011309

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf03011309

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023605207

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8443851


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