Investigations of nitrogen fluxes and pools on a limestone site in the Alps View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-03

AUTHORS

Friedl Herman, Stefan Smidt, Michael Englisch, Franz Feichtinger, Martin Gerzabek, Georg Haberhauer, Robert Jandl, Michael Kalina, Sophie Zechmeister-Boltenstern

ABSTRACT

In the North Tyrolean Limestone Alps a site was investigated over a four-year period (1998–2001) in order to assess the nitrogen saturation status, the nitrogen budget (quantification of the net uptake of nitrogen by the canopy and of the nitrogen mineralization, nitrogen uptake from roots and N2O emission rates, proof of the origin of nitrate in the soil water with stable isotope analyses), and the effects of the actual nitrogen input on ground water quality. The main goals were to quantify the nitrogen input rate, the nitrogen pools in above-ground and below-ground compartments, nitrogen turnover processes in the soil as well as the output into the groundwater and into the atmosphere. The findings are based on continuous and discontinuous field measurements as well as on model results.While nitrogen input exceeded the Critical Loads of the WHO (1995), nitrogen deficiency and nutrient imbalances were verified by needle analyses. The atmospheric input of inorganic nitrogen was higher than the nitrogen output in 50 cm soil depth. A tracer experiment with15N helped to prove that not more than half of the applied nitrate could be discharged. This allows the conclusion that nitrogen is stored in the system and that the site cannot yet be said to be saturated with nitrogen. The same result was also obtained by modelling. In addition, it was proved that the nitrogen discharge did not stem from deposition but from processes within the system. More... »

PAGES

46-52

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1997-01. Fluxes of NO and N2O from temperate forest soils: impact of forest type, N deposition and of liming on the NO and N2O emissions in NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS
  • 2000. Carbon and Nitrogen Cycling in European Forest Ecosystems in NONE
  • 1997-01. High rates of nitrification and nitrate turnover in undisturbed coniferous forests in NATURE
  • 1972-12. Über den Einfluß der Streunutzung auf den Stickstoffhaushalt von Kiefernbeständen (Pinus silvestris L.) in EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF FOREST RESEARCH
  • 2002-03. Water and nitrate fluxes at a forest site in the North Tyrolean Limestone Alps in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2002-03. Gaseous nitrogen losses from a forest site in the North Tyrolean Limestone Alps in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2002-03. Simulation of soil hydrology and establishment of a nitrogen budget of a Mountain Forest in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2002-03. Nitrate dynamics in an alpine forest site (Mühleggerköpfl) O and N stable isotope analysis in natural water samples in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2002-03. Nitrogen fluxes on an intensive investigation plot in the North Tyrolean limestone Alps in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2002-03. Altitude-dependent wet, dry and occult nitrogen deposition in an Alpine Region in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2002-03. Analyses of NOx and wet depositions at Mühleggerköpfl, North Tyrolean Limestone Alps in ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE AND POLLUTION RESEARCH
  • 2000. Canopy Uptake and Utilization of Atmospheric Pollutant Nitrogen in CARBON AND NITROGEN CYCLING IN EUROPEAN FOREST ECOSYSTEMS
  • Identifiers

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02987478

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02987478

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12638761


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