Phytoremediation to increase the degradation of PCBs and PCDD/Fs View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

2002-01

AUTHORS

Bruno F. Campanella, Claudia Bock, Peter Schröder

ABSTRACT

Phytoremediation is already regarded as an efficient technique to remove or degrade various pollutants in soils, water and sediments. However, hydrophobic organic molecules such as PAHs, PCBs and PCDD/Fs are much less responsive to bioremediation strategies than, for example, BTEX or LAS. PCDD/Fs and PCBs represent 3 prominent groups of persistent organic pollutants that share common chemical, toxicological and environmental properties. Their widespread presence in the environment may be explained by their chemical and biological stability. This review considers their fate and dissipation mechanisms. It is then possible to identify major sinks and to understand biological activities useful for remediation. Public health and economic priorities lead to the conclusion that alternative techniques to physical treatments are required. This review focuses on particular problems encountered in biodegradation and bioavailability of PCDD/Fs and PCBs. It highlights the potential and limitations of plants and micro-organisms as bioremediation agents and summarises how plants can be used to augment bacterial activity. Phytoremediation is shown to provide some new possibilities in reducing risks associated with dioxins and PCBs. More... »

PAGES

73-85

References to SciGraph publications

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  • 1986-05. Accumulation of 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin from soil and nutrient solution by bean and maize plants in CELLULAR AND MOLECULAR LIFE SCIENCES
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02987318

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02987318

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017020563

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11885420


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