The genetics of cotton View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1932-04

AUTHORS

S. C. Harland

ABSTRACT

Crosses of Crinkled Dwarf × Sea Island exhibit complete dominance of Sea Island, but in crosses with other Peruvian types, dominance is slightly disturbed, producing inF1 normals with a slight trace of crinkling and some variation of the Crinkled class inF2.A cross of Crinkled Dwarf × Upland gave an intermediateF1 with dominance becoming increasingly manifest in back-crosses of heterozygote to Upland.Selfed heterozygotes from the first back-cross produced in one case a family indicating true reversal of dominance, the ratio 3 Crinkled: 1 normal being obtained. Reversal of dominance persisted in the next generation from this family.Crosses involving Crinkled andG. sturtii gaveF1 strongly crinkled, but a heterozygous Crinkled ×G. sanguineum gaveF1 only slightly crinkled.The bearing of the experiments on Fisher’s theory of dominance is discussed, and it is concluded that while the behaviour of Crinkled in Upland crosses is in accordance with the Fisher theory, the process by which genes modifying dominance are thought to have become homozygous in Peruvian involves the assumption that normals descended from heterozygotes have replaced the original normal population. This assumption is thought to be improbable. Crosses of Crinkled Dwarf × Sea Island exhibit complete dominance of Sea Island, but in crosses with other Peruvian types, dominance is slightly disturbed, producing inF1 normals with a slight trace of crinkling and some variation of the Crinkled class inF2. A cross of Crinkled Dwarf × Upland gave an intermediateF1 with dominance becoming increasingly manifest in back-crosses of heterozygote to Upland. Selfed heterozygotes from the first back-cross produced in one case a family indicating true reversal of dominance, the ratio 3 Crinkled: 1 normal being obtained. Reversal of dominance persisted in the next generation from this family. Crosses involving Crinkled andG. sturtii gaveF1 strongly crinkled, but a heterozygous Crinkled ×G. sanguineum gaveF1 only slightly crinkled. The bearing of the experiments on Fisher’s theory of dominance is discussed, and it is concluded that while the behaviour of Crinkled in Upland crosses is in accordance with the Fisher theory, the process by which genes modifying dominance are thought to have become homozygous in Peruvian involves the assumption that normals descended from heterozygotes have replaced the original normal population. This assumption is thought to be improbable. More... »

PAGES

261-270

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Genetics

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

25

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02984590

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02984590

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024299299


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