Microbial degradation of hemicellulosic materials View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1989-01

AUTHORS

K. G. Johnson, M. C. Silva, C. R. Mackenzie, H. Schneider, J. D. Fontana

ABSTRACT

Biodegradation of hemicelluloses requires enzyme activities that remove nonxylose substituents from the xylan backbone in addition to endoxylanases and β-xylosidases. Activities removing o-acetyl, arabinose, cinnamic acid-based esters, and uronic acid substituents occurred inStreptomyces olivochromogenes, Aspergillus niger, andSchizophyllum commune. 4-O-Methylglucuronidase was coinduced with other substituent-hydrolyzing enzymes when appropriate lignocellulosic materials were provided. Fractionation of crude enzymes indicated that the 4-o-methylglucuronidases were polydisperse. The 4-o-methylglucuronidases fromS. commune andA. niger acted on high molecular weight heteroxylans, but those from S.olivochromogenes functioned only with small, endo-β-(1,4)-xylanse-solubilized fragments. More... »

PAGES

245-258

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02936486

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02936486

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022134316


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