Full-scale anaerobic bioremediation of trinitrotoluene (TNT) contaminated soil View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1995-09

AUTHORS

S. B. Funk, D. L. Crawford, R. L. Crawford, G. Mead, W. Davis-Hoover

ABSTRACT

An anaerobic bioremediation process for the degradation of nitroaromatic compounds in soil was demonstrated. Thisex situ process was demonstrated full-scale at a 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT)-contaminated site near Weldon Spring, MO. A bioreactor was loaded with approx 23 m3 of TNT-contaminated soil in the form of a 50∶50 soil: water slurry. This slurry was augmented with a starchy carbon source (1–2% w/v) and buffered with phosphate to near-neutral pH. Indigenous soil bacteria utilized the oxygen, making the slurry anaerobic within 1–2 d. Anaerobes then degraded the TNT (3000 mg/kg) in approx 11 wk. A relatively long treatment time for the bioremediation of the TNT-contaminated soil was necessary, possibly because of the cool ambient temperatures, high clay content of the soil, high level of contamination, and high level of recalcitrance of TNT in soils. More... »

PAGES

625-633

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02933464

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02933464

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031349413


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