Lime pretreatment of switchgrass View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1997-03

AUTHORS

Vincent S. Chang, Barry Burr, Mark T. Holtzapple

ABSTRACT

Lime (calcium hydroxide) was used as a pretreatment agent to enhance the enzymatic digestibility of switchgrass. After studying many conditions, the recommended pretreatment conditions are: time = 2 h, temperature = 100 degrees C and 120 degrees C, lime loading = 0.1 g Ca(OH)(2)/g dry biomass, water loading = 9 mL/g dry biomass. Studies on the effect of particle size indicate that there was little benefit of grinding below 20 mesh; even coarse particles (4-10 mesh) digested well. Using the recommended pretreatment conditions, the 3-d reducing sugar yield was five times that of untreated switchgrass, the 3-d total sugar (glucose + xylose) yield was seven times, the 3-d glucose yield was five times, and the 3-d xylose yield was 21 times. A material balance study showed that little glucan (approx 10%) was solubilized as a result of the lime pretreatment, whereas about 26% of xylan and 29% of lignin became solubilized. More... »

PAGES

3

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02920408

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02920408

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1017939175

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18576065


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