Somatic hybrid plants of potato and tomato regenerated from fused protoplasts View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1978-07

AUTHORS

Georg Melchers, Maria D. Sacristán, Anthony A. Holder

ABSTRACT

Mesophyll protoplasts of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. cerasiforme (Dunal) Alef, mutant yellow green 6, Rick and protoplasts of a liquid callus culture of the dihaploid strain HH258 of Solanum tuberosum L. were prepared and many fusion products were visible after the protoplasts were incubated together first in the presence of polyethylene glycol and then with a high Ca2+ ion concentration. The protoplasts were transferred to a rich medium and the resultant calli were cultured. Some calli regenerated normal green shoots which were transferred to soil or grafted onto a tomato stock. The subunit polypeptide pattern of ribulose 1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase prepared from leaf material of four regenerated plants was analyzed by isoelectric focusing. The ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase enzyme oligomer in the four plants contained the small subunit products resulting from the expression of both tomato and potato nuclear genes proving these plants to be somatic hybrids between tomato and potato. In three of the four plants the large subunit polypeptides and hence the functional chloroplast DNA were from tomato whereas in the fourth the large subunit and therefore the chloroplast DNA was derived from potato. The plant material was insufficient to establish the chromosome numbers precisely, however counts close to 50 which is near to the expected 48 were obtained for three of the hybrids whereas in the fourth a number close to 72 was observed. In the absence of a selection system against the potato parent, the analysis of ribulose bisphosphate carboxylase provides a convenient marker to demonstrate the hybrid nature of the plants. More... »

PAGES

203

References to SciGraph publications

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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02906548

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02906548

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