Characteristics of successful and unsuccessful dieters: An application of signal detection methodology View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1998-03

AUTHORS

Michaela Kiernan, Abby C. King, Helena C. Kraemer, Marcia L. Stefanick, Joel D. Killen

ABSTRACT

Signal detection methods were used to identify predictors of successful weight loss in 177 mildly to moderately overweight women and men assigned to one of two weight-loss programs. Predictors included initial demographic, physiological, behavioral, and psychosocial characteristics, and program type (e.g. diet-only and diet-plus-exercise). Successful weight loss was defined as a loss of at least two units of body mass index at one year. Four subgroups were identified. Participants in the diet-plus-exercise program who were initially more satisfied with their bodies and did not have a history of repeated weight loss were most likely to succeed (63% succeeded). In contrast, participants assigned to the diet-plus-exercise program who were either extremely dissatisfied with their bodies or who had a history of repeated weight loss were at similar risk for failure as participants in the diet-only program (only 26% to 35% succeeded). The results underscore the potential utility of exploring these subgroups further to inform the development of new treatment strategies to increase the likelihood of success. More... »

PAGES

1-6

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02893802

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02893802

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024616748

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9755345


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