Effects of soil fumigation on verticillium wilt, nematodes and other diseases of potato roots and tubers View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1967-09

AUTHORS

P. M. Miller, L. V. Edgington, Arthur Hawkins

ABSTRACT

Fumigation of soil was shown to affect subsequent potato crops by several different mechanisms.Rhizoctonia on roots and as black scurf on tubers,Verticillium wilt, pink eye of tubers, vascular browning in tubers, weeds and nematodes are involved. During the relatively dry years herein reported, fumigation gave a maximum yield increase of about 20%. Of the fumigants tested, Vorlex was the most effective in controlling the diseases evaluated. Vorlex at rates of 15 to 45 gal/acre increased yields for 2 years but did not reduce vascular browning the second year.V. albo-atrum was isolated from about 40% of tubers with vascular browning. Most isolates were the dark mycelial type with some microsclerotial isolates. Erosion of soil from untreated areas hastened reinfestation of fumigated soil by nematodes. Low rates of fumigants generally decreased occurrance of black scurf in tubers but 30 and 45 gal/acre of Vorlex increased black scurf slightly in tubers the first growing season. More... »

PAGES

316-323

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02864727

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02864727

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050846290


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