Hydroxyl radical formation and lipid peroxidation enhancement by chromium View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1992-01

AUTHORS

Charles Coudray, Patrice Faure, Samar Rachidi, Andre Jeunet, Marie Jeanne Richard, Anne Marie Roussel, Alain Favier

ABSTRACT

Chromium VI compounds have been shown to be carcinogenic in occupationally exposed humans, and to be genotoxic, mutagenic, and carcinogenic in a variety of experimental systems. In contrast, most chromium III compounds are relatively nontoxic, noncarcinogenic, and nonmutagenic. Reduction of Cr6+ leads to reactive intermediates, such as Cr5+, Cr4+, or other radical species. The molecular mechanism for the intracellular Cr6+ reduction has been the focus of recent studies, but the details are still not understood. Our study was initiated to compare the effect of Cr(6+)-hydroxyl radical formation and Cr(6+)-induced lipid peroxidation vs those of Cr3+. Electron spin resonance measurements provide evidence for the formation of long-lived Cr5+ intermediates in the reduction of Cr6+ by glutathione reductase in the presence of NADPH and for the hydroxyl radical formation during the glutathione reductase catalyzed reduction of Cr6+. Hydrogen peroxide suppresses Cr5+ and enhances the formation of hydroxyl radical. Thus, Cr5+ intermediates catalyze generation of hydroxyl radicals from hydrogen peroxide through a Fenton-like reaction. Comparative effects of Cr6+ and Cr3+ on the development of lipid peroxidation were studied by using rat heart homogenate. Heart homogenate was incubated with different concentrations of Cr6+ compounds at 22 degrees C for 60 min. Lipid peroxidation was determined as thiobarbituric acid reacting materiels (TBA-RM). The results confirm that Cr6+ induces lipid peroxidation in the rat heart homogenate. These observations might suggest a possible causative role of lipid peroxidation in Cr6+ toxicity. This enhancement of lipid peroxidation is modified by the addition of some metal chelators and antioxidants. Thus, strategies for combating Cr6+ toxicity should take into account the role of the hydroxy radicals, and hence, steps for blocking its chain propagation and preventing the formation of lipid peroxides. More... »

PAGES

161-170

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02784601

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02784601

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043357434

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1375053


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