Structure of a quantized vortex in boson systems View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1961-05

AUTHORS

E. P. Gross

ABSTRACT

For a system of weakly repelling bosons, a theory of the elementary line vortex excitations is developed. The vortex state is characterised by the presence of a finite fraction of the particles in a single particle state of integer angular momentum. The radial dependence of the highly occupied state follows from a self-consistent field equation. The radial function and the associated particle density are essentially constant everywhere except inside a core, where they drop to zero. The core size is the de Broglie wavelength associated with the mean interaction energy per particle. The expectation value of the velocity has the radial dependence of a classical vortex. In this Hartree approximation the vorticity is zero everywhere except on the vortex line. When the description of the state is refined to include the zero point oscillations of the phonon field, the vorticity is spread out over the core. These results confirm in all essentials the intuitive arguments ofOnsager andFeynman. The phonons moving perpendicular to the vortex line are coherent excitations of equal and opposite angular momentum relative to the substratum of moving particles that constitute the vortex. The vortex motion resolves the degeneracy of the Bogoljubov phonons with respect to the azimuthal quantum number. More... »

PAGES

454-477

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1949-03. Statistical hydrodynamics in IL NUOVO CIMENTO (1943-1954)
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02731494

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02731494

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