Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil: X. Ultra high pressure and low pressure1 View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1980-01

AUTHORS

S. Koritala, J. P. Friedrich, T. L. Mounts

ABSTRACT

Soybean oil was partially hydrogenated with copper-chromite catalyst at 170 C and up to 30,000 psig hydrogen pressure. Catalyst activity increased with increase in pressure up to 15,000 psig. The linolenate selectivity (SLn) of the reaction remained essentially unchanged over 50–1000 psig pressure range. A SLn of 5.5 to 5.6 was achieved at 15,000 to 30,000 psig pressure range. This value is somewhat lower than the selectivity at 50–1000 psig, but much higher than that obtained with nickel catalysts. Geometric isomerization increased as pressure increased up to 200 psig; above this pressure, the percenttrans remained the same up to 500 psig.trans Isomer content decreased when the pressure was increased to 30,000 psig. cis,trans Isomerization of linoleate was greater at 1000 psig and 15,000 psig than at 50 psig. At 15,000 psig, part of the linoleate in soybean oil was hydrogenated directly without prior conjugation, whereas at low pressures, all of the double bonds first conjugate prior to hydrogenation. This difference in mechanism might explain the lower selectivities obtained at high pressures. Conjugated diene isomers were found in the products up to 200 psig. Above this pressure conjugated diene was not measurable. No significant differences were found in the double bond distribution oftrans monoenes even though the amount oftrans monoene formed decreased as pressure was increased to 30,000 psig. More... »

PAGES

1-5

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1970-03. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil: V. A Novel copper catalyst with excellent re-use properties in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1973-08. Deuteration of methyl linoleate with nickel, palladium, platinum and copper-chromite catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1969-05. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil: IV. Fatty acid isomers formed with copper catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1969-09. Kinetic rate constants determined by a digital computer in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1966-09. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil. II. Copper-chromium catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1976-06. Hydrogenation of Edible oils in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1978-04. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil: IX. Effect of pressure in copper catalysis in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1966-02. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil with sodium borohydride-reduced catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1967-02. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil in the presence of copper catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02675514

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