Observation of an adiabatic shear band in AISI 4340 steel by high-voltage transmission electron microscopy View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-02

AUTHORS

C. L. Wittman, M. A. Meyers, H. -R. Pak

ABSTRACT

Adiabatic shear bands, formed in a hollow AISI 4340 steel cylinder subjected to dynamic expansion by means of an explosive charge placed in its longitudinal axis, were characterized. The adiabatic shear bands formed in this quenched and tempered steel were of the classical “transformed” type. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of etched surfaces revealed that alignment of the lamellae along the direction of shear seems to be the event that precedes shear localization. The transmission electron microscopy of a “white”-etching shear band having undergone a shear strain of approximately 4 revealed that it containedX (Fe5C2) carbides in a martensitic structure. These carbides were observed to form on (112) internal microtwins. Grains could not be resolved inside of the shear band, but they could be observed in the surrounding matrix material. A traverse of the shear band was made, and there existed no definite boundary between the matrix and the shear band. No evidence of a transformation to austenite was observed. Heat transfer calculations were conducted to help explain the features observed inside of the shear band. It is concluded that the “white”-etching bands, commonly referred to in the literature as “transformed” bands, do not exhibit a transformation at values of shear strain of up to 4. The enhanced reflectivity is an etching artifact and is possibly due to microstructural changes, a very small grain size, and carbide redissolution in the bands. More... »

PAGES

707-716

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02671941

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02671941

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053430682


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Materials Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Engineering", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "name": [
            "Honeywell Defense Systems, 55343, Hopkins, MN"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Wittman", 
        "givenName": "C. L.", 
        "id": "sg:person.011407276177.94", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011407276177.94"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of California, San Diego", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3", 
          "name": [
            "Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials, University of California at San Diego, 92093, La Jolla"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Meyers", 
        "givenName": "M. A.", 
        "id": "sg:person.01047370636.30", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01047370636.30"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign", 
          "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35403.31", 
          "name": [
            "Department of Metallurgy and Mineral Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 61801, Urbana, IL"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Pak", 
        "givenName": "H. -R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012501033743.06", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012501033743.06"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "citation": [
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_19", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001752505", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_19"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643951", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003368799", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643951"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643951", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003368799", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643951"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans1960.12.170", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009513956"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3787-4_6", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010903837", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3787-4_6"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans1960.13.119", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011026954"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(86)90152-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015179399"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(86)90152-5", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015179399"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-2207-8_42", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019959487", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-2207-8_42"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02813279", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023251853", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02813279"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620200303", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024846164"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620200303", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024846164"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646340", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035043709", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646340"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646340", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035043709", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646340"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620200304", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035846390"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620200304", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035846390"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_18", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043066441", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_18"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646850", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044298900", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646850"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646850", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044298900", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646850"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ms.09.080179.001435", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045313597"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(87)90238-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050307151"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(87)90238-0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050307151"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/212248b0", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051180331", 
          "https://doi.org/10.1038/212248b0"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1707363", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057776265"
        ], 
        "type": "CreativeWork"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1990-02", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1990-02-01", 
    "description": "Adiabatic shear bands, formed in a hollow AISI 4340 steel cylinder subjected to dynamic expansion by means of an explosive charge placed in its longitudinal axis, were characterized. The adiabatic shear bands formed in this quenched and tempered steel were of the classical \u201ctransformed\u201d type. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of etched surfaces revealed that alignment of the lamellae along the direction of shear seems to be the event that precedes shear localization. The transmission electron microscopy of a \u201cwhite\u201d-etching shear band having undergone a shear strain of approximately 4 revealed that it containedX (Fe5C2) carbides in a martensitic structure. These carbides were observed to form on (112) internal microtwins. Grains could not be resolved inside of the shear band, but they could be observed in the surrounding matrix material. A traverse of the shear band was made, and there existed no definite boundary between the matrix and the shear band. No evidence of a transformation to austenite was observed. Heat transfer calculations were conducted to help explain the features observed inside of the shear band. It is concluded that the \u201cwhite\u201d-etching bands, commonly referred to in the literature as \u201ctransformed\u201d bands, do not exhibit a transformation at values of shear strain of up to 4. The enhanced reflectivity is an etching artifact and is possibly due to microstructural changes, a very small grain size, and carbide redissolution in the bands.", 
    "genre": "research_article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02671941", 
    "inLanguage": [
      "en"
    ], 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1317676", 
        "issn": [
          "0360-2133"
        ], 
        "name": "Metallurgical Transactions A", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "2", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "21"
      }
    ], 
    "name": "Observation of an adiabatic shear band in AISI 4340 steel by high-voltage transmission electron microscopy", 
    "pagination": "707-716", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "readcube_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "fe7f2a2fcb341a4fc6f9b9cc24b991abe81fd5520c036fe925573ed8101b0792"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf02671941"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1053430682"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02671941", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053430682"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T13:29", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000370_0000000370/records_46747_00000002.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF02671941"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02671941'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02671941'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02671941'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02671941'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

139 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      44 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02671941 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
2 anzsrc-for:0912
3 schema:author N5998aeb34f47465eb7854adac1d67ed2
4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-2207-8_42
5 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_18
6 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_19
7 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3787-4_6
8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643951
9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646340
10 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646850
11 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02813279
12 sg:pub.10.1038/212248b0
13 https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620200303
14 https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620200304
15 https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(86)90152-5
16 https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(87)90238-0
17 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1707363
18 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ms.09.080179.001435
19 https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans1960.12.170
20 https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans1960.13.119
21 schema:datePublished 1990-02
22 schema:datePublishedReg 1990-02-01
23 schema:description Adiabatic shear bands, formed in a hollow AISI 4340 steel cylinder subjected to dynamic expansion by means of an explosive charge placed in its longitudinal axis, were characterized. The adiabatic shear bands formed in this quenched and tempered steel were of the classical “transformed” type. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) of etched surfaces revealed that alignment of the lamellae along the direction of shear seems to be the event that precedes shear localization. The transmission electron microscopy of a “white”-etching shear band having undergone a shear strain of approximately 4 revealed that it containedX (Fe5C2) carbides in a martensitic structure. These carbides were observed to form on (112) internal microtwins. Grains could not be resolved inside of the shear band, but they could be observed in the surrounding matrix material. A traverse of the shear band was made, and there existed no definite boundary between the matrix and the shear band. No evidence of a transformation to austenite was observed. Heat transfer calculations were conducted to help explain the features observed inside of the shear band. It is concluded that the “white”-etching bands, commonly referred to in the literature as “transformed” bands, do not exhibit a transformation at values of shear strain of up to 4. The enhanced reflectivity is an etching artifact and is possibly due to microstructural changes, a very small grain size, and carbide redissolution in the bands.
24 schema:genre research_article
25 schema:inLanguage en
26 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
27 schema:isPartOf N29a2507b433a4513bc3665c5677de443
28 Nf5b386a08a844d0ca5894f0f4682065c
29 sg:journal.1317676
30 schema:name Observation of an adiabatic shear band in AISI 4340 steel by high-voltage transmission electron microscopy
31 schema:pagination 707-716
32 schema:productId N22b509d2cb86465eafc08037cb371eb2
33 N5b0bc6a4baed47a38ffd6253b56732b8
34 N870bd313e5e84ba1bcaea98c3a1d29aa
35 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1053430682
36 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02671941
37 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T13:29
38 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
39 schema:sdPublisher Nb07e43955b9a41628dc9a595405a1c95
40 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF02671941
41 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
42 sgo:sdDataset articles
43 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
44 N22b509d2cb86465eafc08037cb371eb2 schema:name readcube_id
45 schema:value fe7f2a2fcb341a4fc6f9b9cc24b991abe81fd5520c036fe925573ed8101b0792
46 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
47 N22fd9a09d77a4a7eb04cc3458223cae2 schema:name Honeywell Defense Systems, 55343, Hopkins, MN
48 rdf:type schema:Organization
49 N29a2507b433a4513bc3665c5677de443 schema:volumeNumber 21
50 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
51 N386acbc8661245768cca09add2613b31 rdf:first sg:person.012501033743.06
52 rdf:rest rdf:nil
53 N5998aeb34f47465eb7854adac1d67ed2 rdf:first sg:person.011407276177.94
54 rdf:rest N80a988c953cb4495ba869e43ba7e4c42
55 N5b0bc6a4baed47a38ffd6253b56732b8 schema:name dimensions_id
56 schema:value pub.1053430682
57 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
58 N80a988c953cb4495ba869e43ba7e4c42 rdf:first sg:person.01047370636.30
59 rdf:rest N386acbc8661245768cca09add2613b31
60 N870bd313e5e84ba1bcaea98c3a1d29aa schema:name doi
61 schema:value 10.1007/bf02671941
62 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
63 Nb07e43955b9a41628dc9a595405a1c95 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
64 rdf:type schema:Organization
65 Nf5b386a08a844d0ca5894f0f4682065c schema:issueNumber 2
66 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
67 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
68 schema:name Engineering
69 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
70 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
71 schema:name Materials Engineering
72 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
73 sg:journal.1317676 schema:issn 0360-2133
74 schema:name Metallurgical Transactions A
75 rdf:type schema:Periodical
76 sg:person.01047370636.30 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3
77 schema:familyName Meyers
78 schema:givenName M. A.
79 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01047370636.30
80 rdf:type schema:Person
81 sg:person.011407276177.94 schema:affiliation N22fd9a09d77a4a7eb04cc3458223cae2
82 schema:familyName Wittman
83 schema:givenName C. L.
84 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011407276177.94
85 rdf:type schema:Person
86 sg:person.012501033743.06 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35403.31
87 schema:familyName Pak
88 schema:givenName H. -R.
89 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012501033743.06
90 rdf:type schema:Person
91 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-2207-8_42 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1019959487
92 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-2207-8_42
93 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
94 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_18 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1043066441
95 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_18
96 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
97 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_19 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1001752505
98 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3219-0_19
99 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
100 sg:pub.10.1007/978-1-4613-3787-4_6 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1010903837
101 https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4613-3787-4_6
102 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
103 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643951 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003368799
104 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643951
105 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
106 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646340 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035043709
107 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646340
108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
109 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02646850 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1044298900
110 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02646850
111 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
112 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02813279 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023251853
113 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02813279
114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
115 sg:pub.10.1038/212248b0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1051180331
116 https://doi.org/10.1038/212248b0
117 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
118 https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620200303 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1024846164
119 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
120 https://doi.org/10.1002/nme.1620200304 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035846390
121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
122 https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(86)90152-5 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1015179399
123 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
124 https://doi.org/10.1016/0001-6160(87)90238-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1050307151
125 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
126 https://doi.org/10.1063/1.1707363 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1057776265
127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
128 https://doi.org/10.1146/annurev.ms.09.080179.001435 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045313597
129 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
130 https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans1960.12.170 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1009513956
131 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
132 https://doi.org/10.2320/matertrans1960.13.119 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011026954
133 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
134 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.266100.3 schema:alternateName University of California, San Diego
135 schema:name Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials, University of California at San Diego, 92093, La Jolla
136 rdf:type schema:Organization
137 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.35403.31 schema:alternateName University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign
138 schema:name Department of Metallurgy and Mineral Engineering, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 61801, Urbana, IL
139 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...