The plasticizing characteristics of some fatty acid morpholides and morpholide-hydrocarbon extender blends View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1968-08

AUTHORS

Frank C. Magne, Robert R. Mod, Evald L. Skau

ABSTRACT

The preparation and plasticizing characteristics in poly (vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate) copolymer resin of 14 morpholides of unsubstituted and substituted C18 fatty acids are reported, as well as the plasticizing performance of blends of the morpliolide of hydrogenated cottonseed acids with such hydrocarbon extenders as Conoco H-35, Amoco BN-1, and Monsanto HB-20 and 40. Up to 50% of some of these extenders can be blended with the morpholide of hydrogenated cottonseed acids without loss of compatibility. Economics excepted, such blends are of questionable merit with respect to performance. Although substituent groups such as oxirane, benzyl, and carbonyl improve the compatibility, volatility, and soapy water extractability characteristics of the fatty acid morpholide plasticizers, they are almost invariably detrimental to low-temperature performance and efficiency. The dimorpholides of the dimer acids exhibit no measurable volatility loss in plasticized stock and mixtures with a monomeric morpholide exhibit unusually low volatility losses. Ternary composition-compatibility diagrams are described for two systems involving the morpholides of linoleic, epoxyoctadecenoic, and palmitic acid in one instance and oleic, dimer, and palmitic acid in the other. These diagrams delineate the fatty acyl compositional limitations consonant with compatibility of these two sys-tems in poly (vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate) copolymer. More... »

PAGES

567-570

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1965-11. N,N-dialkylamides of long chain fatty acids as plasticizers in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1960-12. Branched carboxylic acids from long-chain unsaturated compounds and carbon monoxide at atmospheric pressure in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1958-02. The preparation and infrared spectra of morpholides of ricinoleic acid and some of its derivatives in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1960-10. Preparation of petroselinic acid in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1961-10. Preparation, characterization and evaluation of mono-and diesters of carboxystearic acid in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1964-12. The Preparation and Plasticizing Characteristics of the N,N-bis(2-Alkoxyethyl) Amides of Long Chain Fatty Acids in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1964-03. The preparation and plasticizing characteristics of pipendides of long chain fatty acids and n-fatty acyl derivatives of other cyclic imines in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1959-12. Castor oil-derived plasticizers. Some nitrogen-containing derivatives as plasticizers for vinyl chloride-vinyl acetate copolymer and cellulose acetate resins in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1961-06. Fatty acid morpholides as plasticizers for vinyl chloride resins. II. The morpholides of selectively hydrogenated and of epoxidized cottonseed fatty acids in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1961-06. Fatty acid morpholides as plasticizers for vinyl chloride resins. III. Ternary compatibility-composition diagrams for the oleic-linoleic-stearic and oleic-linoleic-palmitic systems in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02667172

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02667172

    DIMENSIONS

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