Layer growth in Au-Pb/In solder joints View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1976-08

AUTHORS

Frederick G. Yost, Floyd P. Ganyard, Maurice M. Karnowsky

ABSTRACT

The solid state reaction between a Pb-In solder alloy and thin film Au has been investigated at ten aging temperatures ranging from 70 to 170°C. Also, bulk Au-solder samples were aged at 150°C for metallographic analysis. No significant difference was found between the aging behavior of thin and bulk Au specimens. A thin single phase layer of Au9In4 was found adjacent to Au while a thick two-phase layer of AuIn2 and Pb was found between Au9In4 and solder. The Pb phase was shown to have considerable mobility and able to ripen at room temperature. Peculiar planar interface instabilities and voids in the Au-Au9In4 interface were found. Although the total layer thicknessvs aging time data could be closely fitted with a power law relationship, it was shown that a linear relationship also fits well and is consistent with accepted metallurgical concepts. An activation energy of 0.61 eV was found by regression analysis of the intermetallic growth kinetics. More... »

PAGES

1141-1148

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1976-08. The Au-In-Pb system:The AuIn2-In-Pb portion in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1975-01. Diffusion and interface control of reactions in alloys in METALLURGICAL TRANSACTIONS A
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02656596

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02656596

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049378007


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sandia National Laboratories", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.474520.0", 
              "name": [
                "Sandia Laboratories, 87115, Albuquerque, NM"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Yost", 
            "givenName": "Frederick G.", 
            "id": "sg:person.014704653565.05", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014704653565.05"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sandia National Laboratories", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.474520.0", 
              "name": [
                "Sandia Laboratories, 87115, Albuquerque, NM"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Ganyard", 
            "givenName": "Floyd P.", 
            "id": "sg:person.011076504243.16", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011076504243.16"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Sandia National Laboratories", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.474520.0", 
              "name": [
                "Sandia Laboratories, 87115, Albuquerque, NM"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Karnowsky", 
            "givenName": "Maurice M.", 
            "id": "sg:person.016651633627.63", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016651633627.63"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1179/cmq.1969.8.2.91", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002873417"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1080/14786436608212604", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011501475"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02673664", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020541548", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02673664"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02673664", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020541548", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02673664"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1179/cmq.1963.2.1.89", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032604697"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02656597", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047179774", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02656597"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1976-08", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1976-08-01", 
        "description": "The solid state reaction between a Pb-In solder alloy and thin film Au has been investigated at ten aging temperatures ranging from 70 to 170\u00b0C. Also, bulk Au-solder samples were aged at 150\u00b0C for metallographic analysis. No significant difference was found between the aging behavior of thin and bulk Au specimens. A thin single phase layer of Au9In4 was found adjacent to Au while a thick two-phase layer of AuIn2 and Pb was found between Au9In4 and solder. The Pb phase was shown to have considerable mobility and able to ripen at room temperature. Peculiar planar interface instabilities and voids in the Au-Au9In4 interface were found. Although the total layer thicknessvs aging time data could be closely fitted with a power law relationship, it was shown that a linear relationship also fits well and is consistent with accepted metallurgical concepts. An activation energy of 0.61 eV was found by regression analysis of the intermetallic growth kinetics.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02656596", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1317676", 
            "issn": [
              "0360-2133"
            ], 
            "name": "Metallurgical Transactions A", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "8", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "7"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Layer growth in Au-Pb/In solder joints", 
        "pagination": "1141-1148", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "eb3a36e35059126d1265d7488856669721245eae595c79e221362fbe94dfce3b"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf02656596"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1049378007"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02656596", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049378007"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-10T23:23", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000001_0000000264/records_8693_00000508.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF02656596"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02656596'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02656596'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02656596'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02656596'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    91 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      32 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02656596 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author N98f43149b84947bfb5f741b62f1c8d13
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02656597
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02673664
    6 https://doi.org/10.1080/14786436608212604
    7 https://doi.org/10.1179/cmq.1963.2.1.89
    8 https://doi.org/10.1179/cmq.1969.8.2.91
    9 schema:datePublished 1976-08
    10 schema:datePublishedReg 1976-08-01
    11 schema:description The solid state reaction between a Pb-In solder alloy and thin film Au has been investigated at ten aging temperatures ranging from 70 to 170°C. Also, bulk Au-solder samples were aged at 150°C for metallographic analysis. No significant difference was found between the aging behavior of thin and bulk Au specimens. A thin single phase layer of Au9In4 was found adjacent to Au while a thick two-phase layer of AuIn2 and Pb was found between Au9In4 and solder. The Pb phase was shown to have considerable mobility and able to ripen at room temperature. Peculiar planar interface instabilities and voids in the Au-Au9In4 interface were found. Although the total layer thicknessvs aging time data could be closely fitted with a power law relationship, it was shown that a linear relationship also fits well and is consistent with accepted metallurgical concepts. An activation energy of 0.61 eV was found by regression analysis of the intermetallic growth kinetics.
    12 schema:genre research_article
    13 schema:inLanguage en
    14 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    15 schema:isPartOf N897ea78d07314c4e9d5e6746fd48c00d
    16 Nc057277f421141b5b15dc70b18891c27
    17 sg:journal.1317676
    18 schema:name Layer growth in Au-Pb/In solder joints
    19 schema:pagination 1141-1148
    20 schema:productId N3d34b7dde5414fb1bd89dc6b79679166
    21 N82878e4e2c9b45949ebfa91902a62ed4
    22 Nfc96a524cc4b40e4a492da5d8d4a59bf
    23 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049378007
    24 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02656596
    25 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-10T23:23
    26 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    27 schema:sdPublisher Na48aab03c4764e4eae62ac3496042433
    28 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007%2FBF02656596
    29 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    30 sgo:sdDataset articles
    31 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    32 N0e7240041f7d43af9d8fc51fc94ba211 rdf:first sg:person.016651633627.63
    33 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    34 N3d34b7dde5414fb1bd89dc6b79679166 schema:name dimensions_id
    35 schema:value pub.1049378007
    36 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    37 N82878e4e2c9b45949ebfa91902a62ed4 schema:name readcube_id
    38 schema:value eb3a36e35059126d1265d7488856669721245eae595c79e221362fbe94dfce3b
    39 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    40 N897ea78d07314c4e9d5e6746fd48c00d schema:issueNumber 8
    41 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    42 N98f43149b84947bfb5f741b62f1c8d13 rdf:first sg:person.014704653565.05
    43 rdf:rest Nb42133c1d9264ea69df644568ba1d1df
    44 Na48aab03c4764e4eae62ac3496042433 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    45 rdf:type schema:Organization
    46 Nb42133c1d9264ea69df644568ba1d1df rdf:first sg:person.011076504243.16
    47 rdf:rest N0e7240041f7d43af9d8fc51fc94ba211
    48 Nc057277f421141b5b15dc70b18891c27 schema:volumeNumber 7
    49 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    50 Nfc96a524cc4b40e4a492da5d8d4a59bf schema:name doi
    51 schema:value 10.1007/bf02656596
    52 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    53 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    54 schema:name Engineering
    55 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    56 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    57 schema:name Materials Engineering
    58 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    59 sg:journal.1317676 schema:issn 0360-2133
    60 schema:name Metallurgical Transactions A
    61 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    62 sg:person.011076504243.16 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.474520.0
    63 schema:familyName Ganyard
    64 schema:givenName Floyd P.
    65 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.011076504243.16
    66 rdf:type schema:Person
    67 sg:person.014704653565.05 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.474520.0
    68 schema:familyName Yost
    69 schema:givenName Frederick G.
    70 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.014704653565.05
    71 rdf:type schema:Person
    72 sg:person.016651633627.63 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.474520.0
    73 schema:familyName Karnowsky
    74 schema:givenName Maurice M.
    75 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.016651633627.63
    76 rdf:type schema:Person
    77 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02656597 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047179774
    78 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02656597
    79 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    80 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02673664 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020541548
    81 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02673664
    82 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    83 https://doi.org/10.1080/14786436608212604 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1011501475
    84 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    85 https://doi.org/10.1179/cmq.1963.2.1.89 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1032604697
    86 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    87 https://doi.org/10.1179/cmq.1969.8.2.91 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002873417
    88 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    89 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.474520.0 schema:alternateName Sandia National Laboratories
    90 schema:name Sandia Laboratories, 87115, Albuquerque, NM
    91 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...