Primary dendrite spacing of lead dendrites in Pb-Sn and Pb-Au Alloys View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1980-11

AUTHORS

C. M. Klaren, J. D. Verhoeven, R. Trivedi

ABSTRACT

Directional solidification experiments have been carried out on dendritic alloys of Pb-Sn and Pb-Au as a function of temperature gradient,G, solidification rate,R, and composition. Variation of temperature gradient was carried out at a moderate growth rate, 20 µm/s, and variation of growth rate was carried out at high gradients, around 350 °C/cm. Based on these experiments the primary dendrite spacings, λ, are found to follow the correlation λ =kG−aR-b only at rates above 45 µm/s in Pb-Sn alloys and above 10µm/s in Pb-Au alloys. Below these rates λ becomes essentially constant with rate. Possible causes of this break in the rate data are discussed. The values of the exponentsa andb at the higher rates are found to be significantly different from the values predicted by the recent theoretical model of Hunt. More... »

PAGES

1853-1861

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1972-06. Effect of thermotransport upon off-eutectic composite growth in Sn-Pb alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 1976-06. Dendrite morphology of steady state unidirectionally solidified steel in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1972-04. Morphology of tin dendrites in near-eutectic alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 1971-09. Macrosegregation during growth of a dendrite array into a stirred melt at near steady-state conditions in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 1972-03. Experimental observations of dendritic growth in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • 1975-01. The dendrite arm spacings of aluminum-copper alloys solidified under steady-state conditions in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02655101

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02655101

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040490662


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/09", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0912", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Materials Engineering", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "John Deere Waterloo Tractor Works, 50704, Waterloo, IA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
              "name": [
                "John Deere Waterloo Tractor Works, 50704, Waterloo, IA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Klaren", 
            "givenName": "C. M.", 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, 50011, Ames, IA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34421.30", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, 50011, Ames, IA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Verhoeven", 
            "givenName": "J. D.", 
            "id": "sg:person.013570535265.29", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013570535265.29"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, 50011, Ames, IA", 
              "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.34421.30", 
              "name": [
                "Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, 50011, Ames, IA"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Trivedi", 
            "givenName": "R.", 
            "id": "sg:person.01125404132.43", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01125404132.43"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02647678", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003166135", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02647678"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02644078", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012039356", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02644078"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02814911", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047912698", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02814911"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02642757", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042712769", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02642757"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643030", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048200047", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643030"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02673688", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028897146", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02673688"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1980-11", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1980-11-01", 
        "description": "Directional solidification experiments have been carried out on dendritic alloys of Pb-Sn and Pb-Au as a function of temperature gradient,G, solidification rate,R, and composition. Variation of temperature gradient was carried out at a moderate growth rate, 20 \u00b5m/s, and variation of growth rate was carried out at high gradients, around 350 \u00b0C/cm. Based on these experiments the primary dendrite spacings, \u03bb, are found to follow the correlation \u03bb =kG\u2212aR-b only at rates above 45 \u00b5m/s in Pb-Sn alloys and above 10\u00b5m/s in Pb-Au alloys. Below these rates \u03bb becomes essentially constant with rate. Possible causes of this break in the rate data are discussed. The values of the exponentsa andb at the higher rates are found to be significantly different from the values predicted by the recent theoretical model of Hunt.", 
        "genre": "article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02655101", 
        "inLanguage": "en", 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1136292", 
            "issn": [
              "1073-5623", 
              "1543-1940"
            ], 
            "name": "Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A", 
            "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "11", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "11"
          }
        ], 
        "keywords": [
          "Pb-Sn", 
          "temperature gradient", 
          "primary dendrite spacing", 
          "dendrite spacing", 
          "directional solidification experiments", 
          "solidification experiments", 
          "dendritic alloys", 
          "solidification rate", 
          "alloy", 
          "high gradients", 
          "gradient", 
          "spacing", 
          "theoretical model", 
          "growth rate", 
          "rate data", 
          "lead dendrites", 
          "experiments", 
          "rate", 
          "variation", 
          "moderate growth rate", 
          "possible causes", 
          "values", 
          "high rate", 
          "recent theoretical models", 
          "model", 
          "composition", 
          "cause", 
          "breaks", 
          "data", 
          "dendrites", 
          "function", 
          "rate \u03bb", 
          "Hunt", 
          "Pb-Au", 
          "andb", 
          "correlation \u03bb", 
          "Pb-Au alloys", 
          "exponentsa andb"
        ], 
        "name": "Primary dendrite spacing of lead dendrites in Pb-Sn and Pb-Au Alloys", 
        "pagination": "1853-1861", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1040490662"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf02655101"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02655101", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040490662"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2021-11-01T17:57", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211101/entities/gbq_results/article/article_181.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02655101"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02655101'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02655101'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02655101'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02655101'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    136 TRIPLES      22 PREDICATES      70 URIs      56 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02655101 schema:about anzsrc-for:09
    2 anzsrc-for:0912
    3 schema:author Na2dfc49c69014ccfab4ed39fc7b158d4
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf02642757
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643030
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02644078
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02647678
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02673688
    9 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02814911
    10 schema:datePublished 1980-11
    11 schema:datePublishedReg 1980-11-01
    12 schema:description Directional solidification experiments have been carried out on dendritic alloys of Pb-Sn and Pb-Au as a function of temperature gradient,G, solidification rate,R, and composition. Variation of temperature gradient was carried out at a moderate growth rate, 20 µm/s, and variation of growth rate was carried out at high gradients, around 350 °C/cm. Based on these experiments the primary dendrite spacings, λ, are found to follow the correlation λ =kG−aR-b only at rates above 45 µm/s in Pb-Sn alloys and above 10µm/s in Pb-Au alloys. Below these rates λ becomes essentially constant with rate. Possible causes of this break in the rate data are discussed. The values of the exponentsa andb at the higher rates are found to be significantly different from the values predicted by the recent theoretical model of Hunt.
    13 schema:genre article
    14 schema:inLanguage en
    15 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    16 schema:isPartOf N996cb73ad61441ebaaee5896bb0afbb8
    17 Nd94b8d5b91834bd5a4c27decee430fef
    18 sg:journal.1136292
    19 schema:keywords Hunt
    20 Pb-Au
    21 Pb-Au alloys
    22 Pb-Sn
    23 alloy
    24 andb
    25 breaks
    26 cause
    27 composition
    28 correlation λ
    29 data
    30 dendrite spacing
    31 dendrites
    32 dendritic alloys
    33 directional solidification experiments
    34 experiments
    35 exponentsa andb
    36 function
    37 gradient
    38 growth rate
    39 high gradients
    40 high rate
    41 lead dendrites
    42 model
    43 moderate growth rate
    44 possible causes
    45 primary dendrite spacing
    46 rate
    47 rate data
    48 rate λ
    49 recent theoretical models
    50 solidification experiments
    51 solidification rate
    52 spacing
    53 temperature gradient
    54 theoretical model
    55 values
    56 variation
    57 schema:name Primary dendrite spacing of lead dendrites in Pb-Sn and Pb-Au Alloys
    58 schema:pagination 1853-1861
    59 schema:productId Nbc6c32905ead4cf89f27dbd7d5df6abc
    60 Ne7a64c86b45f4f08953c60d5ea623b4e
    61 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040490662
    62 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02655101
    63 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-11-01T17:57
    64 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    65 schema:sdPublisher N3924d33bae814c2983502833b5da9e07
    66 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02655101
    67 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    68 sgo:sdDataset articles
    69 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    70 N37dfdebb751f4b2db6095ecb9ea9aaed schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
    71 schema:familyName Klaren
    72 schema:givenName C. M.
    73 rdf:type schema:Person
    74 N3924d33bae814c2983502833b5da9e07 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    75 rdf:type schema:Organization
    76 N3f87d262e12c44ea929c6eb1065463c6 rdf:first sg:person.013570535265.29
    77 rdf:rest N9f799f188a70425f9c9ead95292fc88b
    78 N996cb73ad61441ebaaee5896bb0afbb8 schema:issueNumber 11
    79 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    80 N9f799f188a70425f9c9ead95292fc88b rdf:first sg:person.01125404132.43
    81 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    82 Na2dfc49c69014ccfab4ed39fc7b158d4 rdf:first N37dfdebb751f4b2db6095ecb9ea9aaed
    83 rdf:rest N3f87d262e12c44ea929c6eb1065463c6
    84 Nbc6c32905ead4cf89f27dbd7d5df6abc schema:name doi
    85 schema:value 10.1007/bf02655101
    86 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    87 Nd94b8d5b91834bd5a4c27decee430fef schema:volumeNumber 11
    88 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    89 Ne7a64c86b45f4f08953c60d5ea623b4e schema:name dimensions_id
    90 schema:value pub.1040490662
    91 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    92 anzsrc-for:09 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    93 schema:name Engineering
    94 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    95 anzsrc-for:0912 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    96 schema:name Materials Engineering
    97 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    98 sg:journal.1136292 schema:issn 1073-5623
    99 1543-1940
    100 schema:name Metallurgical and Materials Transactions A
    101 schema:publisher Springer Nature
    102 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    103 sg:person.01125404132.43 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.34421.30
    104 schema:familyName Trivedi
    105 schema:givenName R.
    106 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01125404132.43
    107 rdf:type schema:Person
    108 sg:person.013570535265.29 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.34421.30
    109 schema:familyName Verhoeven
    110 schema:givenName J. D.
    111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.013570535265.29
    112 rdf:type schema:Person
    113 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02642757 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042712769
    114 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02642757
    115 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    116 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02643030 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1048200047
    117 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02643030
    118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    119 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02644078 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012039356
    120 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02644078
    121 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    122 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02647678 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003166135
    123 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02647678
    124 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    125 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02673688 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028897146
    126 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02673688
    127 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    128 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02814911 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047912698
    129 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02814911
    130 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    131 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName John Deere Waterloo Tractor Works, 50704, Waterloo, IA
    132 schema:name John Deere Waterloo Tractor Works, 50704, Waterloo, IA
    133 rdf:type schema:Organization
    134 grid-institutes:grid.34421.30 schema:alternateName Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, 50011, Ames, IA
    135 schema:name Department of Materials Science and Engineering, Iowa State University, 50011, Ames, IA
    136 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...