Mustard seed processing: Simple methods for following heat damage to protein meals View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1964-05

AUTHORS

J. E. McGhee, L. D. Kirk, G. C. Mustakas

ABSTRACT

Processed mustard seed contains a considerably higher content of reducing sugar than other oilseeds. During processing, the natural reducing sugar is supplmented with glucose released by enzyme hydrolysis of the thioglucoside, and this total content reaches a value of more than 3% of the defatted mustard meal. This quantity of reducing sugar in mustard seed is three times more than that in soybean meal. Consequently, the browning reaction, which degrades protein, presents a greater problem in processing oilseeds containing thioglucosides than oilseeds free of thioglucosides. In developing the processing of mustard seed, the degree of heat treatment given the protein meals had to be determined. Several indirect methods were developed for following the effects of heat treatment on protein quality. Nitrogen solubility index, optical density of aqueous extracts, and reducing sugar content correlated well with degradation of heat-labile amino acids, such as lysine, arginine, and histidine, and gave an index of protein quality. More... »

PAGES

359-362

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02654814

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02654814

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1023798029


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