Enthalpies of a binary alloy during solidification View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1988-12

AUTHORS

D. R. Poirier, P. Nandapurkar

ABSTRACT

The purpose of the paper is to present a method of calculating the enthalpy of a dendritic alloy during solidification. The enthalpies of the dendritic solid and interdendritic liquid of alloys of the Pb-Sn system are evaluated, but the method could be applied to other binaries, as well. The enthalpies are consistent with a recent evaluation of the thermodynamics of Pb-Sn alloys and with the redistribution of solute in the same during dendritic solidification. Because of the heat of mixing in Pb-Sn alloys, the interdendritic liquid of hypoeutectic alloys (Pb-rich) of less than 50 wt pct Sn has enthalpies that increase as temperature decreases during solidification. For some concentrations of Sn, the enthalpy of the dendritic solid at the solid-liquid interface also increases with decreasing temperature during solidification. Of particular concern, in formulating the energy equation, is the fact that the heat of fusion during solidification increases as much as 80 pct for hypoeutectic alloys and decreases as much as 25 pct for hypereutectic alloys. Thus the often applied assumptions of a constant specific heat and/or a constant heat of solidification could lead to errors in numerical modeling of temperature fields for dendritic solidification processes. More... »

PAGES

3057-3061

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1988-09. Densities of Pb-Sn alloys during solidification in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1987-04-01. Densities of aluminum-rich Aluminum-Copper Alloys during Solidification in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS A
  • 1987-06. Viscosities of aluminum-rich Al−Cu liquid alloys in METALLURGICAL AND MATERIALS TRANSACTIONS B
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02647732

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02647732

    DIMENSIONS

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