Hydrogenation of soybean oil with copper-chromium catalyst: Preliminary plant-scale observations View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1974-06

AUTHORS

G. R. List, C. D. Evans, R. E. Beal, L. T. Black, K. J. Moulton, J. C. Cowan

ABSTRACT

Four commercial hydrogenations were carried out on 20,000 1b batches of soybean oil with 0.25, 0.5, and 1% fresh copper-chromite catalyst and 1% used catalyst. Hydrogenations proceeded smoothly at catalyst levels of 0.5 and 1%, but the reaction was slow at a 0.25% concentration. Kinetic, selectivity ratio and fatty acid compositional data were acquired during several of the hydrogenation runs. Nickel contamination, confirmed by analysis of used copper catalyst, lowered selectivity. Copper content of the oil rose during hydrogenation, but normal processing steps, particularly bleaching and winterization, removed it to below levels (0.01–0.02 ppm) detectable by direct atomic absorption spectroscopy. Both copper and chromium remaining in the oil after processing were concentrated by winterization in the stearine fraction. Organoleptic, oxidative, and room odor tests showed that oils of good stability can be produced on a commercial scale by copper hydrogenation and winterization. Information was gained regarding problems involved in the plant use of copper-chromite catalyst for hydrogenating soybean oil for edible purposes. More... »

PAGES

239-243

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1969-12. Pilot-plant selective hydrogenation of soybean oil: Activation and evaluation of copper-containing catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1970-03. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil: V. A Novel copper catalyst with excellent re-use properties in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1951-02. The flavor problem of soybean oil. VII. Effect of trace metals in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1968-10. Stereospecific hydrogenation of stearolate with copper catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1970-12. The effect of process conditions on positional and geometric isomerization during partial hydrogenation of trilinolein with copper catalyst in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1970-12. Flavor evaluation of copper-hydrogenated soybean oils in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1973-11. Hydrogenation of soybean oil with copper catalysts containing small amounts of nickel catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1971-09. Copper in edible oils: Trace amounts determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1948-02. The flavor problem of soybean oil. III. A four-sample, glass laboratory deodorizer in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1969-02. High oleic oils by selective hydrogenation of soybean oil in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1967-02. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil in the presence of copper catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1968-12. Determination of copper in edible soybean oils in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1965-08. Analyses of fatty acid isomers in two commercially hydrogenated soybean oils in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1971-11. Edible oil evaluation by room odor tests: A preliminary report in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1972-10. Room odor evaluation of oils and cooking fats in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1972-02. Headspace gas analysis of salad oils by mass spectrometry in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1971-09. Odor and flavor responses to additives in edible oils in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1968-03. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil. III. Copper-exchanged molecular sieves and other supported catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1971-12. Char-ashing of glyceride oils preliminary to the atomic absorption determination of their copper and iron contents in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1966-09. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil. II. Copper-chromium catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1967-10. Digital computer program for calculating selectivities of hydrogenation catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1969-09. Removal of copper from hydrogenated soybean oil in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1970-08. Selective hydrogenation with copper catalysts: II. Kinetics in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02642628

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02642628

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038988682


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