The preparation and properties of some urethane foams from castor oil and elaidinized castor oil View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1959-11

AUTHORS

D. A. Yeadon, A. R. Markezich, L. A. Goldblatt

ABSTRACT

The preparation and properties of two series of castor oil urethane foams, one from castor oil and the other from elaidinized castor oil, were investigated. The first series of foams was made from prepolymers containing 60% of castor oil prepared at increasing temperature levels to vary the degree of crosslinking in the final foams. These foams had lower tensile strengths than observed for a previously prepared foam of 60% castor oil and did not show significant differences in water resistance as crosslinking varied. They were increased nearly 100% in compressive strength with increased crosslinking and had very good shrinkage characteristics as values of only 1 to 2% were obtained.A second series of foams was prepared from 50, 60, 70, and 80% of elaidinized castor oil to compare with foams from a similar series from castor oil. This series of foams of 50 to 80% elaidinized castor oil contents was similar in density (1.7 to 6.7 lbs./cu. ft.), had improved shrinkage characteristics (11, 1, 3, and 4%, respectively), showed increased compressive and tensile strengths (up to 12.1 p.s.i. at 50% compression modulus and 34.7 p.s.i. ultimate tensile for the 60% foam formulation), and had better water-resistance properties (411 to 155%vs. 515 to 170% water absorption) than the analogous foams from castor oil. In general, humid aging only slightly affected the values obtained for the foams and was significant in only a few instances,e.g., decreased tensile in the elaidinized castor oil series.Thus increasing crosslinks in the foam apparently did not improve water resistance but did improve shrinkage characteristics in addition to some increased strength properties, as would be anticipated. Foams from elaidinized castor oil, while similar in density and foaming characteristics to analogous foams from castor oil, exhibited less shrinkage and improved water-resistance. More... »

PAGES

541-545

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1959-01. Preparations and properties of castor oil urethane foams in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02641146

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02641146

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1045779199


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