Sperm oil replacements from selectively hydrogenated soybean and linseed esters: Special lubricants View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1976-07

AUTHORS

E. W. Bell, J. C. Cowan, L. E. Gast, R. E. Koos

ABSTRACT

Soybean and linseed oils were selectively hydroenated with copper-on-silica gel catalyst. The linolenate content of the oils was reduced to diene and monoene with no appreciable increase in saturates. Hydrogenated soybean oils contained 68–76% monoene, 11–18% diene, 0% conjugated diene and triene, 1–6% conjugatable diene, 0–0.3% conjugatable triene, and 23–40% isolatedtrans double bonds. Hydrogenated linseed oils contained 44–54% monoene, 35–45% diene, 0% conjugated diene and triene, 0–7% conjugatable diene, 0–02% conjugatable triene, and 44–59% isoaltedtrans double bonds. Esters of fatty acids, derived from these selectively hydrogenated oils, were prepared with trimethylolethane, trimethylolpropane, trimethylolbutane, pentaerythritol, ethylene glycol, C18 saturated cyclic alcohols, primary C12–C18 saturated (nC12, nC14, nC16, nC18) alcohol, and primary C16–C18 saturated (nC16, nC18) alcohol blends. Measurements of viscosities and of smoke, flash, and fire points indicate that these esters are possible replacements for sperm oil. Certain of them, after sulfurization, also have potential as extreme pressure lubricant additives. More... »

PAGES

511-517

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1965-05. Selective Hydrogenation of Linolenate Groups in Soya-Bean Oil in NATURE
  • 1972-01. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil. VI. Copper-on-silica gel catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1970-03. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil: V. A Novel copper catalyst with excellent re-use properties in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1968-10. Stereospecific hydrogenation of stearolate with copper catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1969-02. High oleic oils by selective hydrogenation of soybean oil in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1966-09. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil. II. Copper-chromium catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1965-04. Similarity of Repair of Ionizing and Ultra-Violet Radiation Damage in Micrococcus radiodurans in NATURE
  • 1965-10. Preparation of alcohols from cyclic fatty acids in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1967-02. Selective hydrogenation of soybean oil in the presence of copper catalysts in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1972-10. Potential lubricants for continuous casting of steel: polyol esters of partially hydrogenated soybean acids in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02636825

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02636825

    DIMENSIONS

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