Some esters of mono-, di-, and tricarboxystearic acid as plasticizers: Preparation and evaluation View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1976-05

AUTHORS

E. J. Dufek, F. L. Thomas, E. N. Frankel, G. R. Riser

ABSTRACT

Methyl mono-, di-, and tricarboxystearates were prepared by either a two-step hydroformylation-oxidation reaction or direct hydrocarboxylation of unsaturated vegetable oil methyl esters. Procedures were developed for preparing alkyl dicarbomethoxy-, dicarboethoxy-, and dicarbobutoxystearates. These triesters, along with some di- and tetraesters from mono- and tricarboxystearic acids, were evaluated as primary plasticizers for polyvinyl chloride (PVC). Except for butyl carbobutoxystearate, the esters were compatible at the 32% level and had properties equal or superior to those of dioctyl phthalate. Methyl and butyl diesters of carboxystearic acid had undesirable migration and volatility properties. The migration and volatility properties of some tri- and tetraalkyl esters were equal to or better than the controls. Of the various esters tested, methyl dicarbomethoxystearate containing 13–49% methyl tricarbomethoxystearate was an efficient plasticizer for PVC at the 32% level. More... »

PAGES

198

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1974-09. Catalytic carboxylation of fats: Carboxy acids from polyunsaturates in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1976-04. Oxidation of methyl formylstearate with molecular oxygen in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1971-05. Methyl 9(10)-formylstearate by selective hydroformylation of oleic oils in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1961-10. Preparation, characterization and evaluation of mono-and diesters of carboxystearic acid in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1972-01. Selective hydroformylation of polyunsaturated fats with a rhodium-triphenylphosphine catalyst in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1965-12. Preparation of linseed acid chlorides in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1973-02. Catalytic carboxylation of fats. Carboxy acids and esters from monounsaturates in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1974-08. Some esters of mono-, di-, and tricarboxystearic acid as lubricants: Preparation and evaluation in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1972-05. Esterification and transesterification of 9(10)-carboxystearic acid and its methyl esters. Kinetic studies in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02633304

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02633304

    DIMENSIONS

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