Quality of micropropagated plants—Vitrification View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1991-04

AUTHORS

Meira Ziv

ABSTRACT

Vitrification-Hyperhydrous shoot development, effects the survival and quality of several micropropagated plants ex-vitro. The leaves which are the immediate organ to be affected, exhibit abnormal morphology and physiology. Leaf malfunction is apparently a stress response to very rich media and high relative humidity. The understanding of the underlying mechanism of vitrification and its control in vitro can contribute to a more efficient micropropagation. Vitrification was found to be associated with elevated ethylene production which was related to hypolignification and poor cell wall development. Liquid and low agar media induced callose formation along with reduced and disoriented cellulose biosynthesis, manifested also in non-functioning guard cells. Malfunctioning stomata, in addition to defective cuticle contributed to increased transpiration and desiccation of in vitro formed leaves. The activity of various enzymes, associated with cell wall synthesis, was low and total proteins in normal leaves was higher than in vitreous ones. Various measures were found to reduce vitrification; lowered matrix and water potential in the medium, reduction in RH, low NH4+, changes in Ca++ levels and the removal of ethylene. These measures improved leaf morphogenesis, survival and the quality of several micropropagated plant species. More... »

PAGES

64-69

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1987. Vitrification: Morphological, Physiological, and Ecological Aspects in CELL AND TISSUE CULTURE IN FORESTRY
  • 1991-12. Bud proliferation and plant regeneration in liquid-cultured philodendron treated with ancymidol and paclobutrazol in JOURNAL OF PLANT GROWTH REGULATION
  • 1984-09. Effect of agar concentration on growth and anatomy of adventitious shoots of Picea abies (L.) Karst in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1985-01. Liquid medium additions to established tissue cultures to improve elongation and rooting in vivo in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1985-09. Vitrification of carnation in vitro: Changes in ethylene production, ACC level and capacity to convert ACC to ethylene in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1991. Vitrification: morphological and physiological disorders of in vitro plants in MICROPROPAGATION
  • 1988-01. The influence of cation and gelling agent concentrations on vitrification of apple cultivars in vitro in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1989-01. Enhanced shoot and cormlet proliferation in liquid cultured gladiolus buds by growth retardants in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1983-01. Some factors affecting glassiness in carnation meristem tip cultures in NETHERLANDS JOURNAL OF PLANT PATHOLOGY
  • 1982-03. Factors influencing the production of hardened glaucous carnation plantlets in vitro in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
  • 1989-10. Stomata of apple leaves cultured in vitro in PLANT CELL, TISSUE AND ORGAN CULTURE (PCTOC)
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02632130

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    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02632130

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    47 schema:description Vitrification-Hyperhydrous shoot development, effects the survival and quality of several micropropagated plants ex-vitro. The leaves which are the immediate organ to be affected, exhibit abnormal morphology and physiology. Leaf malfunction is apparently a stress response to very rich media and high relative humidity. The understanding of the underlying mechanism of vitrification and its control in vitro can contribute to a more efficient micropropagation. Vitrification was found to be associated with elevated ethylene production which was related to hypolignification and poor cell wall development. Liquid and low agar media induced callose formation along with reduced and disoriented cellulose biosynthesis, manifested also in non-functioning guard cells. Malfunctioning stomata, in addition to defective cuticle contributed to increased transpiration and desiccation of in vitro formed leaves. The activity of various enzymes, associated with cell wall synthesis, was low and total proteins in normal leaves was higher than in vitreous ones. Various measures were found to reduce vitrification; lowered matrix and water potential in the medium, reduction in RH, low NH4+, changes in Ca++ levels and the removal of ethylene. These measures improved leaf morphogenesis, survival and the quality of several micropropagated plant species.
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