Rifting episode in north iceland in 1874–1875 and the eruptions of askja and sveinagja View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1978-09

AUTHORS

H. Sigurdsson, R. S. J. Sparks

ABSTRACT

In 1874 and 1875 the fissure swarm of Askja central volcano was activated during a major rifting episode. This rifting resulted in a fissure eruption of 0.3 km3 basaltic magma in Sveinagja graben, 50 to 70 km north of Askja and subsequent caldera collapse forming the Oskjuvatn caldera within the main Askja caldera. Five weeks after initial collapse, an explosive mixed magma eruption took place in Askja. On the basis of matching chemistry, synchronous activity and parallels with other rifted central volcanoes, the events in Askja and its lissure swarm are attributed to rise of basaltic magma into a high-level reservoir in the central volcano, subsequent rifting of the reservoir and lateral flow magma within the fissure swarm to emerge in the Sveinagja eruption. This lateral draining of the Askja reservoir is the most plausible cause for caldera collpse. The Sveinagja basalt belong to the group of evolved tholejites characteristie of several Icelandic central volcanoes and associated fissure swarms. Such tholeiites, with Mgvalues in the 40 to 50 tange, represent magmas which have suffered extensive fractional crystallization within the crust. The 12% porphyritic Sveinagja basalt contains phenocrysts of olivine (Fo62–67), plagioclase (An57–62), clinopyroxene (Wo38En46Wo16) and titanomagnetite. Extrusion temperature of the lava, calculated on the basis of olivine and plagioclase geothermometry, is found to be close to 1150°C. More... »

PAGES

149-167

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1977-10. Plate boundary within Tjörnes Fracture Zone on northern Iceland's insular margin in NATURE
  • 1969-01. Chemistry of basalts from the Icelandic Rift Zone in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1969-09. The Lakagígar eruption of 1783 in BULLETIN VOLCANOLOGIQUE
  • 1968-05. Structure and products of subaquatic volcanoes in Iceland in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1970-03. An igneous plagioclase thermometer in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • 1978-07. Lateral magma flow within rifted Icelandic crust in NATURE
  • 1977-05. Magma mixing: a mechanism for triggering acid explosive eruptions in NATURE
  • 1977-03. Current rifting episode in north Iceland in NATURE
  • 1966-03. The iron-titanium oxides of salic volcanic rocks and their associated ferromagnesian silicates in CONTRIBUTIONS TO MINERALOGY AND PETROLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Bulletin Volcanologique

    ISSUE

    3

    VOLUME

    41

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02597219

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02597219

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022578828


    Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
    Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

    JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

    TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

    [
      {
        "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
        "about": [
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0403", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Geology", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/04", 
            "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
            "name": "Earth Sciences", 
            "type": "DefinedTerm"
          }
        ], 
        "author": [
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Rhode Island", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20431.34", 
              "name": [
                "Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 02881, Kingston, RI"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sigurdsson", 
            "givenName": "H.", 
            "id": "sg:person.0607544564.57", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0607544564.57"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }, 
          {
            "affiliation": {
              "alternateName": "University of Rhode Island", 
              "id": "https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20431.34", 
              "name": [
                "Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 02881, Kingston, RI"
              ], 
              "type": "Organization"
            }, 
            "familyName": "Sparks", 
            "givenName": "R. S. J.", 
            "id": "sg:person.07502472574.38", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07502472574.38"
            ], 
            "type": "Person"
          }
        ], 
        "citation": [
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/266318a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000260672", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/266318a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/267315a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000318417", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/267315a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/267315a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000318417", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/267315a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1029/jb083ib08p03971", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003542356"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00373304", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006184909", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00373304"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(76)90011-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020470565"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(76)90011-9", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020470565"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1974)85<495:eotarz>2.0.co;2", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020670672"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00383062", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021133298", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00383062"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00383062", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021133298", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00383062"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00370985", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022578692", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00370985"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf00371983", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028219297", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00371983"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1964.tb06295.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028898016"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1964.tb06295.x", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028898016"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/269663a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031584211", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/269663a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02596756", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038226616", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02596756"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02596756", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038226616", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02596756"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "sg:pub.10.1038/274126a0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040408183", 
              "https://doi.org/10.1038/274126a0"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(74)90129-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042998536"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(74)90129-0", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042998536"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }, 
          {
            "id": "https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.118.1.0275", 
            "sameAs": [
              "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052862409"
            ], 
            "type": "CreativeWork"
          }
        ], 
        "datePublished": "1978-09", 
        "datePublishedReg": "1978-09-01", 
        "description": "In 1874 and 1875 the fissure swarm of Askja central volcano was activated during a major rifting episode. This rifting resulted in a fissure eruption of 0.3 km3 basaltic magma in Sveinagja graben, 50 to 70 km north of Askja and subsequent caldera collapse forming the Oskjuvatn caldera within the main Askja caldera. Five weeks after initial collapse, an explosive mixed magma eruption took place in Askja. On the basis of matching chemistry, synchronous activity and parallels with other rifted central volcanoes, the events in Askja and its lissure swarm are attributed to rise of basaltic magma into a high-level reservoir in the central volcano, subsequent rifting of the reservoir and lateral flow magma within the fissure swarm to emerge in the Sveinagja eruption. This lateral draining of the Askja reservoir is the most plausible cause for caldera collpse. The Sveinagja basalt belong to the group of evolved tholejites characteristie of several Icelandic central volcanoes and associated fissure swarms. Such tholeiites, with Mgvalues in the 40 to 50 tange, represent magmas which have suffered extensive fractional crystallization within the crust. The 12% porphyritic Sveinagja basalt contains phenocrysts of olivine (Fo62\u201367), plagioclase (An57\u201362), clinopyroxene (Wo38En46Wo16) and titanomagnetite. Extrusion temperature of the lava, calculated on the basis of olivine and plagioclase geothermometry, is found to be close to 1150\u00b0C.", 
        "genre": "research_article", 
        "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597219", 
        "inLanguage": [
          "en"
        ], 
        "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
        "isPartOf": [
          {
            "id": "sg:journal.1335446", 
            "issn": [
              "0366-483X"
            ], 
            "name": "Bulletin Volcanologique", 
            "type": "Periodical"
          }, 
          {
            "issueNumber": "3", 
            "type": "PublicationIssue"
          }, 
          {
            "type": "PublicationVolume", 
            "volumeNumber": "41"
          }
        ], 
        "name": "Rifting episode in north iceland in 1874\u20131875 and the eruptions of askja and sveinagja", 
        "pagination": "149-167", 
        "productId": [
          {
            "name": "readcube_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "6b91e09a3d75f3b335f8d0a4173b3d9078ef537c4a81fac74104335608c68037"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "doi", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "10.1007/bf02597219"
            ]
          }, 
          {
            "name": "dimensions_id", 
            "type": "PropertyValue", 
            "value": [
              "pub.1022578828"
            ]
          }
        ], 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02597219", 
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022578828"
        ], 
        "sdDataset": "articles", 
        "sdDatePublished": "2019-04-11T12:58", 
        "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
        "sdPublisher": {
          "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "sdSource": "s3://com-uberresearch-data-dimensions-target-20181106-alternative/cleanup/v134/2549eaecd7973599484d7c17b260dba0a4ecb94b/merge/v9/a6c9fde33151104705d4d7ff012ea9563521a3ce/jats-lookup/v90/0000000365_0000000365/records_71689_00000000.jsonl", 
        "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
        "url": "http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF02597219"
      }
    ]
     

    Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

    HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

    JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02597219'

    N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02597219'

    Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

    curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02597219'

    RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

    curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02597219'


     

    This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

    121 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      42 URIs      19 LITERALS      7 BLANK NODES

    Subject Predicate Object
    1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02597219 schema:about anzsrc-for:04
    2 anzsrc-for:0403
    3 schema:author N158a695688024aaa9903ab5eff8dde1c
    4 schema:citation sg:pub.10.1007/bf00370985
    5 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00371983
    6 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00373304
    7 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00383062
    8 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02596756
    9 sg:pub.10.1038/266318a0
    10 sg:pub.10.1038/267315a0
    11 sg:pub.10.1038/269663a0
    12 sg:pub.10.1038/274126a0
    13 https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(74)90129-0
    14 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(76)90011-9
    15 https://doi.org/10.1029/jb083ib08p03971
    16 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1964.tb06295.x
    17 https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1974)85<495:eotarz>2.0.co;2
    18 https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.118.1.0275
    19 schema:datePublished 1978-09
    20 schema:datePublishedReg 1978-09-01
    21 schema:description In 1874 and 1875 the fissure swarm of Askja central volcano was activated during a major rifting episode. This rifting resulted in a fissure eruption of 0.3 km3 basaltic magma in Sveinagja graben, 50 to 70 km north of Askja and subsequent caldera collapse forming the Oskjuvatn caldera within the main Askja caldera. Five weeks after initial collapse, an explosive mixed magma eruption took place in Askja. On the basis of matching chemistry, synchronous activity and parallels with other rifted central volcanoes, the events in Askja and its lissure swarm are attributed to rise of basaltic magma into a high-level reservoir in the central volcano, subsequent rifting of the reservoir and lateral flow magma within the fissure swarm to emerge in the Sveinagja eruption. This lateral draining of the Askja reservoir is the most plausible cause for caldera collpse. The Sveinagja basalt belong to the group of evolved tholejites characteristie of several Icelandic central volcanoes and associated fissure swarms. Such tholeiites, with Mgvalues in the 40 to 50 tange, represent magmas which have suffered extensive fractional crystallization within the crust. The 12% porphyritic Sveinagja basalt contains phenocrysts of olivine (Fo62–67), plagioclase (An57–62), clinopyroxene (Wo38En46Wo16) and titanomagnetite. Extrusion temperature of the lava, calculated on the basis of olivine and plagioclase geothermometry, is found to be close to 1150°C.
    22 schema:genre research_article
    23 schema:inLanguage en
    24 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
    25 schema:isPartOf N15007d52d4944e668e1523cfe4c4dcdd
    26 N67d9f74b254c4e55a3ce4453b0e2a622
    27 sg:journal.1335446
    28 schema:name Rifting episode in north iceland in 1874–1875 and the eruptions of askja and sveinagja
    29 schema:pagination 149-167
    30 schema:productId N7200d84448a348f4a331060546295c62
    31 N822c056e56cf4fe591964ca28d5b3d9b
    32 Nf44584374ce04cf1a8247bc21afb0b0a
    33 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022578828
    34 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02597219
    35 schema:sdDatePublished 2019-04-11T12:58
    36 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
    37 schema:sdPublisher Nbccf774451ae4c64b8c8811fd942d515
    38 schema:url http://link.springer.com/10.1007/BF02597219
    39 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
    40 sgo:sdDataset articles
    41 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
    42 N15007d52d4944e668e1523cfe4c4dcdd schema:issueNumber 3
    43 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
    44 N158a695688024aaa9903ab5eff8dde1c rdf:first sg:person.0607544564.57
    45 rdf:rest N87af39505a5f4b50a274b79aff284c12
    46 N67d9f74b254c4e55a3ce4453b0e2a622 schema:volumeNumber 41
    47 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
    48 N7200d84448a348f4a331060546295c62 schema:name dimensions_id
    49 schema:value pub.1022578828
    50 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    51 N822c056e56cf4fe591964ca28d5b3d9b schema:name doi
    52 schema:value 10.1007/bf02597219
    53 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    54 N87af39505a5f4b50a274b79aff284c12 rdf:first sg:person.07502472574.38
    55 rdf:rest rdf:nil
    56 Nbccf774451ae4c64b8c8811fd942d515 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
    57 rdf:type schema:Organization
    58 Nf44584374ce04cf1a8247bc21afb0b0a schema:name readcube_id
    59 schema:value 6b91e09a3d75f3b335f8d0a4173b3d9078ef537c4a81fac74104335608c68037
    60 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
    61 anzsrc-for:04 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    62 schema:name Earth Sciences
    63 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    64 anzsrc-for:0403 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
    65 schema:name Geology
    66 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
    67 sg:journal.1335446 schema:issn 0366-483X
    68 schema:name Bulletin Volcanologique
    69 rdf:type schema:Periodical
    70 sg:person.0607544564.57 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20431.34
    71 schema:familyName Sigurdsson
    72 schema:givenName H.
    73 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0607544564.57
    74 rdf:type schema:Person
    75 sg:person.07502472574.38 schema:affiliation https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20431.34
    76 schema:familyName Sparks
    77 schema:givenName R. S. J.
    78 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.07502472574.38
    79 rdf:type schema:Person
    80 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00370985 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1022578692
    81 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00370985
    82 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    83 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00371983 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028219297
    84 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00371983
    85 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    86 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00373304 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1006184909
    87 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00373304
    88 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    89 sg:pub.10.1007/bf00383062 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1021133298
    90 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf00383062
    91 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    92 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02596756 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1038226616
    93 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02596756
    94 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    95 sg:pub.10.1038/266318a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000260672
    96 https://doi.org/10.1038/266318a0
    97 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    98 sg:pub.10.1038/267315a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1000318417
    99 https://doi.org/10.1038/267315a0
    100 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    101 sg:pub.10.1038/269663a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1031584211
    102 https://doi.org/10.1038/269663a0
    103 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    104 sg:pub.10.1038/274126a0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1040408183
    105 https://doi.org/10.1038/274126a0
    106 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    107 https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821x(74)90129-0 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1042998536
    108 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    109 https://doi.org/10.1016/0016-7037(76)90011-9 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020470565
    110 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    111 https://doi.org/10.1029/jb083ib08p03971 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003542356
    112 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    113 https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-246x.1964.tb06295.x schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1028898016
    114 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    115 https://doi.org/10.1130/0016-7606(1974)85<495:eotarz>2.0.co;2 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1020670672
    116 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    117 https://doi.org/10.1144/gsjgs.118.1.0275 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052862409
    118 rdf:type schema:CreativeWork
    119 https://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.20431.34 schema:alternateName University of Rhode Island
    120 schema:name Graduate School of Oceanography, University of Rhode Island, 02881, Kingston, RI
    121 rdf:type schema:Organization
     




    Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


    ...