A resolution-enhanced Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopic study of the environment of the CO32− ion in the mineral phase of enamel ... View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1991-07

AUTHORS

C. Rey, V. Renugopalakrishnan, M. Shimizu, B. Collins, Melvin J. Glimcher

ABSTRACT

A resolution-enhanced Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) Spectroscopic study of the CO32− ion in pig enamel of increasing age and maturity has demonstrated the existence of four different, main carbonate locations. The major CO32− site arises as a result of the substitution of CO32− ions in the positions occupied by PO43− ions in the apatitic lattice. In addition, two minor locations have been identified in positions in which the CO32− ions substitute for OH− ions. The fourth carbonate group appears to be in an unstable location. Its concentration has been found to decrease with aging and maturation, during which there is a progressive increase in the amount of mineral deposited in the enamel. The distribution of the carbonate ions in the different apatitic sites varies randomly during the formation of the mineral phase in enamel and during its maturation. Although these changes have been shown to be related to changes in the composition of the mineral phase, a comparison of the parameters assessing the degree of crystallinity of the mineral phase from υ2CO32− and υ4PO32− infrared absorption data reveals a significant discrepancy related to the nonhomogeneous partition of the CO32− ion in the mineral phase. After maximum mineralization is reached, the composition of the mature mineral phase is decidedly different than that of the initial mineral deposited; the changes affect principally the concentrations of Ca2+, OH−, and HPO42− ions, but not the CO32− ions. More... »

PAGES

259-268

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1974-12. The dissolution of single crystals of hydroxyapatite in citric and lactic acids in CALCIFIED TISSUE RESEARCH
  • 1990-12. Changes in the nature and composition of enamel mineral during procine amelogenesis in CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL
  • 1975-12. Variations in the composition of developing rat incisor enamel in CALCIFIED TISSUE RESEARCH
  • 1972-12. Mineralization in the chick embryo in CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL
  • 1960-07. Organic Matrix of Tooth Enamel in NATURE
  • 1975-12. Effect of carbonate and biological macromolecules on formation and properties of hydroxyapatite in CALCIFIED TISSUE RESEARCH
  • 1989-05. The carbonate environment in bone mineral: A resolution-enhanced fourier transform infrared spectroscopy study in CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL
  • 1977-12. Diffusion of45Ca in bovine enamel in CALCIFIED TISSUE RESEARCH
  • 1979-12. Effect of proteoglycans on in vitro hydroxyapatite formation in CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL
  • 1973-12. Hydroxide and carbonate in rat bone mineral and its synthetic analogues in CALCIFIED TISSUE RESEARCH
  • 1980-12. Phosphoprotein modulation of apatite crystallization in CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL
  • 1985-07. Infrared determination of the degree of substitution of hydroxyl by carbonate ions in human dental enamel in CALCIFIED TISSUE INTERNATIONAL
  • 1966-07. Infra-Red Determination of the Percentage of Crystallinity in Apatitic Calcium Phosphates in NATURE
  • 1974-12. A chemical study of apatites prepared by hydrolysis of amorphous calcium phosphates in carbonate-containing aqueous solutions in CALCIFIED TISSUE RESEARCH
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02556215

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02556215

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1760770


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