Laboratory and pilot solvent extraction of extruded high-oil corn View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1986-02

AUTHORS

J. M. Agullera, E. W. Lusas

ABSTRACT

Oil extraction of flakes and extrudates of high-oil (HO) corn was studied, using hexane as solvent. HO corn contained 19.5% oil, 70% of which was located in the germ. Microstructures of starchy endosperm and germ were analyzed by scanning electron and light microscopy. Conventionally extruded samples extracted faster and to a lower residual oil content than flakes and steam-injected extrudates. Ultrastructural disruption and cooking of conventionally extruded material was adequate to free the oil from the spherosomes and produce a porous pellet with a high proportion of “surface oil.” Encapsulation of the oil within a gelatinized starch matrix made it partly unavailable in steam-injected extrudate samples. Data presented for laboratory and pilot plant runs demonstrate that conventional extrusion is a promising pretreatment for solvent extraction of high-oil, starchy materials. More... »

PAGES

239-243

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1976-06. Continuous solvent extraction of sunflower, seed, groundnuts, palmkernels, rapeseed, and copra in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1984-07. Conditioning of oil-bearing materials for solvent extraction by extrusion in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1981-03. Improving the quality of the soybean in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02546146

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02546146

    DIMENSIONS

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