Oxidation and quality of soybean oil: A preliminary study of the anisidine test View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1974-02

AUTHORS

G. R. List, C. D. Evans, W. F. Kwolek, K. Warner, B. K. Boundy, J. C. Cowan

ABSTRACT

The anisidine test, a measure of secondary oxidation products in glyceride oils, was applied to a number of soybean salad oils processed from sound and damaged soybeans. A highly significant correlation (−0.68) was found between the anisidine values of salad oils from sound soybeans and their flavor scores. Multiple correlations between flavor scores, anisidine, and peroxide values yielded a correlation of 0.81 and provided a method for predicting the initial flavor scores of sound soybean salad oils. Similar data for oils from damaged beans gave a highly significant, but lower, correlation (−0.65). Comparative studies indicated that sound crude oils usually contain lower levels of oxidation products than damaged crude. Oxidation in both sound and damaged crudes increased roughly in proportion to iron content. Reproducibility of the test and the effects of hydrogenation, accelerated storage, and fluorescent light on anisidine values were studied. Analysis of damaged oils before and after deodorization showed that little, if any, reduction of anisidine value occurred. Deodorization of sound oils, however, lowered anisidine values. In comparison with damaged oils, the anisidine values of sound oils were lower at comparable stages of processing. The poor quality of damaged soybean oil was substantiated by organoleptic evaluations. Flavor scores of oils given special processing treatments increased as anisidine values decreased. More... »

PAGES

17-21

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02545207

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02545207

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002736036


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