Control and removal of aflatoxin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1971-10

AUTHORS

Leo A. Goldblatt

ABSTRACT

The best approach to contain the problem of aflatoxin is prevention and enough is now known about prevention to reduce contamination drastically. Guidelines for preventing mycotoxins in farm commodities have been suggested by the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Moisture is the single most important parameter and prompt drying to safe levels is essential for control of toxigenic molds. Foreign matter and damaged seed should be removed. Provision of clean, dry, adequately cooled and ventilated storage is important and good sanitation is essential to minimize mold contamination during storage and processing: Genetic approaches which may result in resistance to elaboration of aflatoxins are under investigation. When aflatoxin is found in a sample of oilseeds the contamination generally resides in only a small proportion of the kernels, commonly less than 1%. Sorting or separation can concentrate the vast majority of aflatoxin-contaminated kernels into relatively small fractions and only a small loss is incurred as a result of their removal. Aflatoxin is frequently found deeply imbedded within individual kernels so removal by simple washing does not seem feasible. However, extraction with polar solvents such as alcohols and ketones to achieve essentially complete removal of aflatoxins appears technically feasible. Heat is relatively ineffective for destruction of aflatoxin although normal roasting, as of peanuts for the preparation of peanut butter, results in considerable reduction in aflatoxin content. Treatment withFlavobacterium aurantiacum removes aflatoxin and may be useful for beverages. Oxidizing agents readily destroy aflatoxin, and treatment with hydrogen peroxide may be useful. Treatment of defatted oilseed meals with ammonia can reduce aflatoxin content to very low or undetectable levels with only moderate damage to protein quality. More... »

PAGES

605-610

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1967-05. Experimental Neurolathyrism in Monkeys in NATURE
  • 1971-02. Inactivation of aflatoxins in peanut and cottonseed meals by ammoniation in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1968-09. Removal of aflatoxins from oilseed meals by extraction with aqueous isopropanol in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1971-10. Aflatoxin effects in livestock in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1966-12. Objective fluorometric measurement of alfatoxins on TLC plates in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1967-07. Aqueous acetone extraction of cottonseed in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1967-05. Varietal Differences of Groundnut in the Production of Aflatoxin in NATURE
  • 1968-12. Elimination of aflatoxins from peanut meal in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1965-06. Assay of aflatoxin in peanuts and peanut products using acetone-hexane-water for extraction in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1966-11. Absence of aflatoxin from refined vegetable oils in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1970-01. Extraction of aflatoxins from cottonseed and peanut meals with ethanol in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1966-02. Determination of aflatoxins in individual peanuts and peanut sections in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02544572

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02544572

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1035671424

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/5111845


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