Biodegradation of pentachlorophenol in natural soil by inoculatedRhodococcus chlorophenolicus View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-12

AUTHORS

Peter J. M. Middeldorp, Maria Briglia, Mirja S. Salkinoja-Salonen

ABSTRACT

Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus PCP-1, a mineralizer of polychlorinated phenols, was inoculated into natural sandy loam and peaty soils with pentachlorophenol (PCP) at concentrations usually found at lightly and heavily polluted industrial sites (30 to 600 mg PCP/kg). A single inoculum of 10(5) to 10(8) cells per g of peat soil and as little as 500 cells/g sandy soil initiated mineralization of(14)C-PCP. The mineralization rates of PCP were 130 to 250 mg mineralized per kg soil in 4 months in the heavily (600 mg/kg) polluted soils and 13 to 18 mg/kg in the lightly (30 mg/kg) polluted soils. There were no detectable PCP mineralizing organisms in the soils prior to inoculation, and also there was no significant adaptation of the indigenous microbial population to degrade PCP during 4 months observation in the uninoculated soils. The inoculum-induced mineralization continued for longer than 4 months after a single inoculation. Uninoculated, lightly polluted soils (30 mg PCP/kg) also showed loss of PCP, but some of this reappeared as pentachloroanisol and other organic chlorine compounds (EOX). Such products did not accumulate in theR. chlorophenolicus-inoculated soils, where instead EOX was mineralized 90 to 98%.R. chlorophenolicus mineralized PCP unhindered by the substrate competition offered by the PCP-methylating bacteria indigenously occurring in the soils or by simultaneously inoculated O-methylatingR. rhodochrous. More... »

PAGES

123-139

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1985-03. Studies on the physiology of microbial degradation of pentachlorophenol in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1988. Commentary: Some Issues in Biodegradation in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1986-10. Bioreclamation of chlorophenol-contaminated soil by composting in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1988. Biological Approaches for Polychlorinated Biphenyl Degradation in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1984. Ecological Constraints on Genetic Engineering in GENETIC CONTROL OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS
  • 1989-09. Transformation of chlorinated phenolic compounds in the genusRhodococcus in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1988. Biodegradation of Hydrocarbons in the Environment in ENVIRONMENTAL BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • 1984-12. Absorption of pentachlorophenol (PCP) by bark chips and its role in microbial PCP degradation in MICROBIAL ECOLOGY
  • 1984. Pseudomonas Hydrocarbon Oxidation in GENETIC CONTROL OF ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANTS
  • 1989-06. O-methylation of chlorinated phenols in the genus Rhodococcus in ARCHIVES OF MICROBIOLOGY
  • 1986-10. Degradation of polychlorinated phenols by Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus in APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Microbial Ecology

    ISSUE

    1

    VOLUME

    20

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02543872

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02543872

    DIMENSIONS

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    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24193969


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    40 schema:description Rhodococcus chlorophenolicus PCP-1, a mineralizer of polychlorinated phenols, was inoculated into natural sandy loam and peaty soils with pentachlorophenol (PCP) at concentrations usually found at lightly and heavily polluted industrial sites (30 to 600 mg PCP/kg). A single inoculum of 10(5) to 10(8) cells per g of peat soil and as little as 500 cells/g sandy soil initiated mineralization of(14)C-PCP. The mineralization rates of PCP were 130 to 250 mg mineralized per kg soil in 4 months in the heavily (600 mg/kg) polluted soils and 13 to 18 mg/kg in the lightly (30 mg/kg) polluted soils. There were no detectable PCP mineralizing organisms in the soils prior to inoculation, and also there was no significant adaptation of the indigenous microbial population to degrade PCP during 4 months observation in the uninoculated soils. The inoculum-induced mineralization continued for longer than 4 months after a single inoculation. Uninoculated, lightly polluted soils (30 mg PCP/kg) also showed loss of PCP, but some of this reappeared as pentachloroanisol and other organic chlorine compounds (EOX). Such products did not accumulate in theR. chlorophenolicus-inoculated soils, where instead EOX was mineralized 90 to 98%.R. chlorophenolicus mineralized PCP unhindered by the substrate competition offered by the PCP-methylating bacteria indigenously occurring in the soils or by simultaneously inoculated O-methylatingR. rhodochrous.
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