Margarine and shortening oils by interesterification of liquid and trisaturated triglycerides View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1995-03

AUTHORS

G. R. List, T. L. Mounts, F. Orthoefer, W. E. Neff

ABSTRACT

Liquid vegetable oils (VO), including cottonseed, peanut, soybean, corn, and canola, were randomly interesterified with completely hydrogenated soybean or cottonseed hardstocks (vegetable oil trisaturate; VOTS) in ratios of four parts VO and one part VOTS. Analysis of the reaction products by high-performance liquid chromatography showed that at 70°C and vigorous agitation, with 0.5% sodium methoxide catalyst, the reactions were complete after 15 min. Solid-fat index (SFI) measurements made at 50, 70, 80, 92, and 104°F, along with drop melting points, indicated that the interesterified fats possess plasticity curves in the range of commercial soft tub margarine oils prepared by blending hydrogenated stocks. Shortening basestocks were prepared by randomly interesterifying palm or soybean oil with VOTS in ratios of 1:1 or 3:1 or 4:1, respectively. Blending of the interesterified basestocks with additional liquid VO yielded products having SFI curves very similar to commercial all purpose-type shortening oils made by blending hydrogenated stocks. Other studies show that fluid-type shortening oils can be prepared through blending of interesterified basestocks with liquid VO. X-ray diffraction studies showed that the desirable β′ crystal structure is achieved through interesterification and blending. More... »

PAGES

379-382

References to SciGraph publications

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02541100

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02541100

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1046866026


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