Factors promoting the formation of nonhydratable soybean phosphatides View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1992-05

AUTHORS

G. R. List, T. L. Mounts, A. C. Lanser

ABSTRACT

Whole, cracked and flaked soybeans were stored under a variety of conditions. After extraction with hexane, the crude oils were degummed in the laboratory, and the nonhydratable phospholipid (NHP) content was estimated from the phosphorus content of the degummed oil. Results showed that four interrelated factors promote NHP formation. These include (i) moisture content of beans or flakes entering the extraction process; (ii) phospholipase D activity; (iii) heat applied to beans or flakes prior to, and during, extraction; (iv) disruption of the cellular structure by cracking and/or flaking. Results from this study suggest that NHP formation can be minimized by control of the moisture of beans and/or flakes entering the extraction process, inactivation of phospholipase D enzyme, and optimizing temperatures during the conditioning of cracked beans or flakes. More... »

PAGES

443-446

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1977-01. Quality of oil from damaged soybeans in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1973-11. Chemical evaluation of oil from field-and storage-damaged soybeans in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1990-11. Effect of moisture, microwave heating, and live steam treatment on phospholipase D activity in soybeans and soy flakes in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1992-05. HPLC analysis of phospholipids by evaporative laser light-scattering detection in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1974-10. Iron and phosphorus contents of soybean oil from normal and damaged beans in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1989-08. Phospholipid degradation in membranes of isolated soybean lipid bodies in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1979-10. Postharvest handling of soybeans: Effects on oil quality in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1990-11. HPLC analysis of phospholipids in crude oil for evaluation of soybean deterioration in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1978-02. Removal of phosphorus and iron by commercial degumming of soybean oil in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02540945

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02540945

    DIMENSIONS

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