HPLC analysis of phospholipids in crude oil for evaluation of soybean deterioration View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1990-11

AUTHORS

T. L. Mounts, A. M. Nash

ABSTRACT

Damage to soybeans due to pre-harvest stress, storage, and export shipment has been related to an increase in the nonhydratable phospholipid content of crude oil. Phospholipids in crude soybean oil extracted from such distressed soybeans have been analyzed by gradient high-performance liquid chromatography. Crude oil was fractionated by solid phase extraction using sequential elution for recovery of phosphatides. High-performance liquid chromatography of the concentrated phospholipids was accomplished on a Lichrosorb Si-60 10 μ column, 250×4.6 mm with ultraviolet detection at 206 nm. A 20-min solvent gradient of 2-propanol/hexane/water (42∶56∶2, 51∶38∶11) gave retention profiles of phospholipid distribution (major subclasses) that changed with impact of stress applied to plant or seed. Soybeans stored at high moisture levels (16% and 20% moisture) for up to 28 days yielded oils having phosphorus contents which decreased in direct relationship to days of storage. Retention profiles were unusable for fractions isolated from oils with phosphorus content below 100 ppm. Data show that during progressive damage, the content of phosphatidylcholine and phosphatidylinositol decreased while the phosphatidic acid content increased. More... »

PAGES

757-760

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1986-02. Limited extraction of soybeans with hexane in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1973-11. Chemical evaluation of oil from field-and storage-damaged soybeans in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1979-10. Postharvest handling of soybeans: Effects on oil quality in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1987-07. A methodology study to evaluate quality of soybeans stored at different moisture levels in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1971-09. Removal of nonhydratable phospholipids from soybean oil in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1985-11. Evaluation of self degumming properties of phospholipids in soybean oil using HPLC in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1974-10. Iron and phosphorus contents of soybean oil from normal and damaged beans in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
  • 1976-06. Degumming and refining practices in the U.S. in JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN OIL CHEMISTS' SOCIETY
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    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02540486

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02540486

    DIMENSIONS

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