Contamination of air systems: 1987–88 assessment and prospects of the Grenoble intervention group View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1990-06

AUTHORS

Renée Grillot, Sylvie Parat, Alain Perdrix, Jacques Croize

ABSTRACT

In order to evaluate bacterial and fungal contamination, the authors used a qualitative and quantitative procedure and investigated 47 air conditioning and humidifying units.Air samples were studied using Biotest RCS biocollector (160×6 liters on 6 different selective media), whilst dust samples were analysed after spreading 10 mg onto fungal media.Selective research ofLegionella and fungi were performed using water filtrates and specific media. Even though, the most frequently identified species were quite common environmental fungi, mainlyPenicillium, Alternaria andAspergillus fumigatus (36 out of 47 collections), the health effects of intense exposure to these common moulds are not really known.Staphylococcus aureus was identified 6 times and thermophilic actinomyces species (A. candidus) once. From the quantitative analysis a significant relationship was found between some risk factors and airborne contamination. Indeed bacteria and fungi number depends on the humidifying system (steam or washer), efficiency of secondary filters, relative humidity percentage (< or >60%), installation maintenance, industrial activity and complaints of people at risk. The presence of air recycling and biocide use seems only to have an influence on fungal flora. Having determined a global risk score for each air conditioning unit, the authors underline the fact that bacterial and fungal airborne contamination increases with score. Moreover, for a global, metrological, medical and technical evaluation, a multidisciplinary approach has proved itself to be indispensable. More... »

PAGES

58-65

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02539046

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02539046

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027171443


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/05", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Environmental Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/06", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Biological Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department de Parasitologie-Mycologie Medicale et Mol\u00e9culaire, Universit\u00e9 Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, Facult\u00e9 de M\u00e9decine de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.9621.c", 
          "name": [
            "Department de Parasitologie-Mycologie Medicale et Mol\u00e9culaire, Universit\u00e9 Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, Facult\u00e9 de M\u00e9decine de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Grillot", 
        "givenName": "Ren\u00e9e", 
        "id": "sg:person.01156600403.45", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01156600403.45"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institut Universitaire de M\u00e9decine du Travail et d'Ergonomie de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Institut Universitaire de M\u00e9decine du Travail et d'Ergonomie de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Parat", 
        "givenName": "Sylvie", 
        "id": "sg:person.015321703573.67", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015321703573.67"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Institut Universitaire de M\u00e9decine du Travail et d'Ergonomie de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Institut Universitaire de M\u00e9decine du Travail et d'Ergonomie de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Perdrix", 
        "givenName": "Alain", 
        "id": "sg:person.0666450475.05", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0666450475.05"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Laboratoire de Bact\u00e9riologie, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "Laboratoire de Bact\u00e9riologie, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Croize", 
        "givenName": "Jacques", 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1990-06", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1990-06-01", 
    "description": "In order to evaluate bacterial and fungal contamination, the authors used a qualitative and quantitative procedure and investigated 47 air conditioning and humidifying units.Air samples were studied using Biotest RCS biocollector (160\u00d76 liters on 6 different selective media), whilst dust samples were analysed after spreading 10 mg onto fungal media.Selective research ofLegionella and fungi were performed using water filtrates and specific media. Even though, the most frequently identified species were quite common environmental fungi, mainlyPenicillium, Alternaria andAspergillus fumigatus (36 out of 47 collections), the health effects of intense exposure to these common moulds are not really known.Staphylococcus aureus was identified 6 times and thermophilic actinomyces species (A. candidus) once. From the quantitative analysis a significant relationship was found between some risk factors and airborne contamination. Indeed bacteria and fungi number depends on the humidifying system (steam or washer), efficiency of secondary filters, relative humidity percentage (< or >60%), installation maintenance, industrial activity and complaints of people at risk. The presence of air recycling and biocide use seems only to have an influence on fungal flora. Having determined a global risk score for each air conditioning unit, the authors underline the fact that bacterial and fungal airborne contamination increases with score. Moreover, for a global, metrological, medical and technical evaluation, a multidisciplinary approach has proved itself to be indispensable.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02539046", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1133886", 
        "issn": [
          "0393-5965", 
          "1573-3025"
        ], 
        "name": "Aerobiologia", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "6"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "fungi number", 
      "common environmental fungi", 
      "fungal flora", 
      "fungi", 
      "environmental fungi", 
      "species", 
      "water filtrate", 
      "biocide use", 
      "specific media", 
      "fungal media", 
      "fungal contamination", 
      "Actinomyces species", 
      "common molds", 
      "flora", 
      "bacteria", 
      "relative humidity percentage", 
      "fumigatus", 
      "Staphylococcus aureus", 
      "maintenance", 
      "contamination", 
      "air recycling", 
      "secondary filter", 
      "filtrate", 
      "recycling", 
      "activity", 
      "medium", 
      "airborne contamination", 
      "quantitative analysis", 
      "presence", 
      "industrial activities", 
      "aureus", 
      "factors", 
      "exposure", 
      "analysis", 
      "number", 
      "humidity percentage", 
      "quantitative procedure", 
      "samples", 
      "mold", 
      "system", 
      "relationship", 
      "effect", 
      "significant relationship", 
      "multidisciplinary approach", 
      "units", 
      "percentage", 
      "prospects", 
      "health effects", 
      "intense exposure", 
      "fact", 
      "group", 
      "risk score", 
      "air samples", 
      "approach", 
      "biocollector", 
      "influence", 
      "efficiency", 
      "use", 
      "time", 
      "order", 
      "humidifying system", 
      "assessment", 
      "risk", 
      "conditioning", 
      "dust samples", 
      "procedure", 
      "evaluation", 
      "risk factors", 
      "filter", 
      "authors", 
      "scores", 
      "people", 
      "technical evaluation", 
      "air system", 
      "air conditioning units", 
      "conditioning unit", 
      "air conditioning", 
      "global risk score", 
      "intervention group", 
      "complaints", 
      "complaints of people", 
      "installation maintenance"
    ], 
    "name": "Contamination of air systems: 1987\u201388 assessment and prospects of the Grenoble intervention group", 
    "pagination": "58-65", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1027171443"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf02539046"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02539046", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027171443"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2022-12-01T06:20", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20221201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_235.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02539046"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02539046'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02539046'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02539046'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02539046'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

164 TRIPLES      20 PREDICATES      107 URIs      99 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02539046 schema:about anzsrc-for:05
2 anzsrc-for:06
3 schema:author Nc686ebd2af8e4e8994b0b9b5de7b413e
4 schema:datePublished 1990-06
5 schema:datePublishedReg 1990-06-01
6 schema:description In order to evaluate bacterial and fungal contamination, the authors used a qualitative and quantitative procedure and investigated 47 air conditioning and humidifying units.Air samples were studied using Biotest RCS biocollector (160×6 liters on 6 different selective media), whilst dust samples were analysed after spreading 10 mg onto fungal media.Selective research ofLegionella and fungi were performed using water filtrates and specific media. Even though, the most frequently identified species were quite common environmental fungi, mainlyPenicillium, Alternaria andAspergillus fumigatus (36 out of 47 collections), the health effects of intense exposure to these common moulds are not really known.Staphylococcus aureus was identified 6 times and thermophilic actinomyces species (A. candidus) once. From the quantitative analysis a significant relationship was found between some risk factors and airborne contamination. Indeed bacteria and fungi number depends on the humidifying system (steam or washer), efficiency of secondary filters, relative humidity percentage (< or >60%), installation maintenance, industrial activity and complaints of people at risk. The presence of air recycling and biocide use seems only to have an influence on fungal flora. Having determined a global risk score for each air conditioning unit, the authors underline the fact that bacterial and fungal airborne contamination increases with score. Moreover, for a global, metrological, medical and technical evaluation, a multidisciplinary approach has proved itself to be indispensable.
7 schema:genre article
8 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
9 schema:isPartOf N09e9fb4a615549d081ffcb0e46a06a45
10 N4d898149c4124f4588905359f921405f
11 sg:journal.1133886
12 schema:keywords Actinomyces species
13 Staphylococcus aureus
14 activity
15 air conditioning
16 air conditioning units
17 air recycling
18 air samples
19 air system
20 airborne contamination
21 analysis
22 approach
23 assessment
24 aureus
25 authors
26 bacteria
27 biocide use
28 biocollector
29 common environmental fungi
30 common molds
31 complaints
32 complaints of people
33 conditioning
34 conditioning unit
35 contamination
36 dust samples
37 effect
38 efficiency
39 environmental fungi
40 evaluation
41 exposure
42 fact
43 factors
44 filter
45 filtrate
46 flora
47 fumigatus
48 fungal contamination
49 fungal flora
50 fungal media
51 fungi
52 fungi number
53 global risk score
54 group
55 health effects
56 humidifying system
57 humidity percentage
58 industrial activities
59 influence
60 installation maintenance
61 intense exposure
62 intervention group
63 maintenance
64 medium
65 mold
66 multidisciplinary approach
67 number
68 order
69 people
70 percentage
71 presence
72 procedure
73 prospects
74 quantitative analysis
75 quantitative procedure
76 recycling
77 relationship
78 relative humidity percentage
79 risk
80 risk factors
81 risk score
82 samples
83 scores
84 secondary filter
85 significant relationship
86 species
87 specific media
88 system
89 technical evaluation
90 time
91 units
92 use
93 water filtrate
94 schema:name Contamination of air systems: 1987–88 assessment and prospects of the Grenoble intervention group
95 schema:pagination 58-65
96 schema:productId N412b712ae43f44e6812c0b091da88cd5
97 N9972d380a59f4545aaf54197ed043ede
98 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1027171443
99 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02539046
100 schema:sdDatePublished 2022-12-01T06:20
101 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
102 schema:sdPublisher Nba0b4701818b421fa00467517bc4b575
103 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02539046
104 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
105 sgo:sdDataset articles
106 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
107 N09e9fb4a615549d081ffcb0e46a06a45 schema:issueNumber 1
108 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
109 N412b712ae43f44e6812c0b091da88cd5 schema:name dimensions_id
110 schema:value pub.1027171443
111 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
112 N4d898149c4124f4588905359f921405f schema:volumeNumber 6
113 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
114 N9972d380a59f4545aaf54197ed043ede schema:name doi
115 schema:value 10.1007/bf02539046
116 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
117 N9ea18d45bc5a4c2baf570dedbe877c26 rdf:first sg:person.0666450475.05
118 rdf:rest Nfaf2a41ff25d43cea336435b0cf29897
119 Na9c3db07b9dc4d4ebee08bbca216fda3 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
120 schema:familyName Croize
121 schema:givenName Jacques
122 rdf:type schema:Person
123 Nba0b4701818b421fa00467517bc4b575 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
124 rdf:type schema:Organization
125 Nc686ebd2af8e4e8994b0b9b5de7b413e rdf:first sg:person.01156600403.45
126 rdf:rest Nef6a5b4dd36444beb36b6b06bb9e1fb8
127 Nef6a5b4dd36444beb36b6b06bb9e1fb8 rdf:first sg:person.015321703573.67
128 rdf:rest N9ea18d45bc5a4c2baf570dedbe877c26
129 Nfaf2a41ff25d43cea336435b0cf29897 rdf:first Na9c3db07b9dc4d4ebee08bbca216fda3
130 rdf:rest rdf:nil
131 anzsrc-for:05 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
132 schema:name Environmental Sciences
133 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
134 anzsrc-for:06 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
135 schema:name Biological Sciences
136 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
137 sg:journal.1133886 schema:issn 0393-5965
138 1573-3025
139 schema:name Aerobiologia
140 schema:publisher Springer Nature
141 rdf:type schema:Periodical
142 sg:person.01156600403.45 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.9621.c
143 schema:familyName Grillot
144 schema:givenName Renée
145 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.01156600403.45
146 rdf:type schema:Person
147 sg:person.015321703573.67 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
148 schema:familyName Parat
149 schema:givenName Sylvie
150 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.015321703573.67
151 rdf:type schema:Person
152 sg:person.0666450475.05 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
153 schema:familyName Perdrix
154 schema:givenName Alain
155 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.0666450475.05
156 rdf:type schema:Person
157 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName Institut Universitaire de Médecine du Travail et d'Ergonomie de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex
158 Laboratoire de Bactériologie, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex
159 schema:name Institut Universitaire de Médecine du Travail et d'Ergonomie de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex
160 Laboratoire de Bactériologie, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex
161 rdf:type schema:Organization
162 grid-institutes:grid.9621.c schema:alternateName Department de Parasitologie-Mycologie Medicale et Moléculaire, Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, Faculté de Médecine de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex
163 schema:name Department de Parasitologie-Mycologie Medicale et Moléculaire, Université Joseph Fourier Grenoble 1, Faculté de Médecine de Grenoble, F-38706, La Tronche Cedex
164 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...