Studies on the Asian Eupatorias View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1982-09

AUTHORS

Kuniaki Watanabe, Tsuguo Fukuhara, Yukio Huziwara

ABSTRACT

Analysis of 265 plants derived from 13 sites in the Rokko Mountains shows that the widely distributed eastern AsianEupatorium chinense var.simplicifolium consists of seven cytotypes. These polymorphic karyotypes comprise four levels of ploidy based on X=10 and partial deficiency, occurring either alone or in combination. The polyploid cytotypes exhibit anomalous meiosis and highly variable pollen stainability in contrast to the nearly-normal behaviour of the diploid. The polyploid cytotypes were revealed as being agamospermous. They are readily distinguishable from the diploid cytotypes by several morphological characters and by growth habits closely related to their respective niches. Two or more cytotypes occurred in all sites examined, the most common being the coexistence of triploid and tetraploid cytotypes. The frequencies of occurrence of the pentaploid plants and the cytotypes involving a deficient chromosome were relatively low. While the diploid cytotype is restricted to fragile gravitational slopes and rocky areas which are poor in species and lack tall competitors, the polyploids occur widely in the grasslands, the roadsides or the forest-margins, closely associated with tall grasses and forbs such asMiscanthus sinensis. Based on these data, theE. chinense var.simplicifolium complex is divided into two distinct groups: the diploid cytotype and the polyploid cytotypes. More... »

PAGES

261

Journal

TITLE

Journal of Plant Research

ISSUE

3

VOLUME

95

Author Affiliations

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02488538

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02488538

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1008949751


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