Thermal decomposition of human tooth enamel View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1980-12

AUTHORS

D. W. Holcomb, R. A. Young

ABSTRACT

Further insight into human tooth enamel, dense fraction (TE), has been obtained by following the change and loss of CO32−, OH−, structurally incorporated H2O, Cl−, and, indirectly, HPO42− after TE had been heated in N2 or vacuum in the range 25–1000°C. Quantitative infrared spectroscopic, lattice parameter, and thermogravimetric measures were used. Loss of the CO32− components begins at much lower temperature (e.g., 100°C) than previously recognized, which has implications for treatments in vitro and possibly in vivo. CO32− in B sites is lost continuously from the outset; the amount in A sites first decreases and then increases above 200° to a maximum at ∼800°C (>10% of the possible A sites filled), where it is responsible for an increase ina lattice parameter. A substantial fraction of the CO32− in B sites moves to A sites before being evolved, apparently via a CO2 intermediary. This implies an interconnectedness of the A and B sites which may be significant in vivo. No loss of Cl− was observed at temperatures below 700–800°C. Structural OH− content increases ∼70% to a maximum near 400°C. Structurally incorporated water is lost continuously up to ∼800°C with a sharp loss at 250–300°C. The “sudden”a lattice parameter contraction, ∼0.014Å, occurs at a kinetics-dependent temperature in the 250–300°C range and is accompanied by reordering and the “sharp” loss of ∼1/3 of the structurally incorporated H2O. The hypothesis that structurally incorporated H2O is the principal cause of the enlargement of thea lattice parameter of TE compared to hydroxyapatite (9.44 vs 9.42Å) is thus allowed by these experimental results. More... »

PAGES

189

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02407181

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02407181

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1012369431

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6258760


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