Tumor-associated antigens recognized by human monoclonal antibodies View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-05

AUTHORS

Helena R. Chang, Keiji Koda, Michael E. McKnight, Mark C. Glassy

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Nonhuman monoclonal antibodies (MoAbs) of desired specificities have been studied in cancer treatment and tumor targeting with minimal success. Attempts of using humanized chimeric antibodies have not improved significantly their clinical applications. We have engaged in the development of human MoAbs by incorporating the in vitro immunization protocols to the nodal lymphocytes of cancer patients. Three human MoAbs thus generated were found to be strongly reactive with various human malignancies. The antigens recognized by the three antibodies were selected for immunochemical and biochemical characterizations. METHODS: The antigens investigated were AgSK1, PA 1-2 and PA 3-1. The patterns of each antigen expression in various human cancer cell lines were studied by the immunocytochemical staining technique. The expression of AgSK1 in association with cellular proliferation was examined by the flow cytometry analysis. In studying the biochemical natures of these antigens, their sensitivities toward various chemical and physical treatments were determined. The antigens that were shown to be proteins were subjected to SDS-PAGE and Western blot for estimations of molecular weights. RESULTS: The AgSK1 was detected in 10 human carcinoma cell lines but in none of the melanoma cell lines. This suggests that SK1 may be an epithelial or carcinoma marker. The phenotypic expressions of AgSK1 were shown to be associated with proliferation of carcinoma cells. Biochemically AgSK1 was a sialophycoprotein with an estimated molecular weight of 42-44 kilodaltons (kDa). HuMAb PA1-2 demonstrated a unique staining pattern at both the cytoplasmic and intercellular interface. The stained filamentlike structures extending from cell to cell indicated that Ag PA1-2 might play a role in cellular interactions. Biochemically, Ag PA1-2 appeared to be an asialocarbohydrate. The Ag PA3-1 was a cytoplasmic glycoprotein expressed by all 13 cell lines. The estimated molecular weights of PA3-1 were 164, 104, and 40 kDa. CONCLUSIONS: Tumor-associated antigens recognized by the human MoAbs may be more relevant clinically than those recognized by the mouse immune system. Carcinoma-specific human MoAbs are desirable for cancer treatment and tumor localization. More... »

PAGES

213-221

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02303526

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02303526

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1049221934

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7842291


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