Adequacy of mucosal biopsies for evaluation of intestinal cytokine-specific mRNA View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1995-07

AUTHORS

Kouhei Fukushima, Gail West, Claudio Fiocchi

ABSTRACT

Endoscopic biopsies are being increasingly utilized to investigate cytokine profiles in normal and diseased intestine. To evaluate the adequacy of mucosal biopsies as a source of cytokine-specific mRNA, we measured their content of interleukin-1β (IL-1β) and interleukin-2 (IL-2) mRNA by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and compared it to that of autologous lamina propria mononuclear cells in control and inflammatory bowel disease-involved specimens. High-quality total RNA was recovered more consistently from cell isolates than from biopsies. Interleukin-1β mRNA was reliably detected in both cell and biopsy samples, whereas IL-2 mRNA was measurable in all lamina propria cells but not always in biopsies. Compared to controls, levels of IL-1β were significantly elevated in Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis cells and biopsies, and a weak but significant correlation existed between values derived from the two sources. In contrast, only ulcerative colitis cell isolates but not biopsies contained significantly reduced concentrations of IL-2 mRNA compared to those of control and Crohn's disease samples, and no correlation was found between cell and biopsy contents. Widely different levels of cytokine-specific mRNA were present in closely adjacent biopsies, particularly for IL-2. These results suggest that mucosal biopsies are suitable to assess some but not all cytokine-specific mRNA due to variation in RNA recovery, intrinsic level of cytokine gene expression, and substantial variability of cytokine transcripts. More... »

PAGES

1498-1505

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02285198

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02285198

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1047514817

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7543040


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