Wer hat die Initiative bei den Ausflügen der Jungkönigin, die Königin oder die Arbeitsbienen? View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1957-06

AUTHORS

Eleonore Hammann

ABSTRACT

In 16 colonies of bees the behaviour of worker bees and of young virgin emergency-queens has been observed. The result is that the virgin does not become ready to fly unless she is treated in a certain way by the worker bees.On normal conditions (5 colonies observed) the newly emerged queen does not receive any attention from the workers in the first hours of her life. But from her first midday forth the bees give her great attention by touching, licking, feeding, and facing her. Some workers near the queen show a remarkable vibration of their abdomens in vertikal direction. Besides the queen is frequently attacked by workers who push her, cling on to her, pull her by her legs and wings, and sometimes overthrow her. The queen usually reacts upon such attacks by trying to defend herself, by piping, which causes a sudden numbnes of the bees, and by running away. The flight of the queen stimulates the workers to chase and attack her all the more and often it comes to methodical huntings after the queen. For the queen, the result is increased want of food and an increase of her bodily efficiency until she is ready to fly. Last preparations for flying are made by the queen herself: hurriedly she rushes about on the combs and suddenly she turns to light until she finds the entrance of the hive.—After each flight of the queen the attacks of the bees loose in strength, but become harder again before she starts next time. The attacks are not stopped till the queen begins laying.Observations at a colony dequeened long before receiving a newly emerged queen (strengthened attacks upon the queen) and observations at colonies made of newly emerged bees (no attacks upon the queen) proved the queen to be sooner ready to fly the more she is attacked by the workers. Mild treatment may cause the flights of the queen to be put off or even to be left undone.Colonies attacking their queens hard always contain a high percentage of anatomical laying workers. There seems to be a relation between aggressiveness (towards the queen) and ovary development in worker bees. There is however no direct relation: one colony that did not get any pollen (so that worker's ovaries could not develop) was attacking its virgin queen as well as normal control colonies. More... »

PAGES

91-106

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Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02224146

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02224146

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1018774240


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