An observational study of humor in autism and down syndrome View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1994-10

AUTHORS

Paula J. St. James, Helen Tager-Flusberg

ABSTRACT

Investigated examples of naturalistic humor in a group of 6 young children with autism and 6 age- and language-matched children with Down syndrome, who were videotaped while interacting with their mothers in bimonthly 1-hour sessions over the course of 1 year. Humor episodes were analyzed on three dimensions: cognitive developmental, social, and intentionality. The autistic children produced significantly less humor overall and less humor involving nonverbal incongruity. The only jokes in the study were told by 2 of the children with Down syndrome. Results indicate that while children with autism can produce and appreciate humor to a limited extent in a naturalistic setting, they do so at a significantly reduced level compared to matched controls. Findings are discussed in relation to the social-cognitive deficits in autistic children, which are among the primary characteristics of the syndrome. More... »

PAGES

603-617

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1983. Humor Development: Toward a Life Span Approach in HANDBOOK OF HUMOR RESEARCH
  • 1982-12. Symbolic play in autistic, Down's, and normal children of equivalent mental age in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 1990-03. Perceptions of popularity among a group of high-functioning adults with autism in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 1988-06. The understanding and use of interpersonal gestures by autistic and Down's syndrome children in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 1990-03. A longitudinal study of language acquisition in autistic and down syndrome children in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 1979-03. Severe impairments of social interaction and associated abnormalities in children: Epidemiology and classification in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 1981-09. Precursors of symbol formation and childhood autism in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 1978-06. Pantomimic representation in psychotic children in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • 1987-09. Humor in high-functioning autistic adults in JOURNAL OF AUTISM AND DEVELOPMENTAL DISORDERS
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02172141

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02172141

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034659320

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7814309


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