Tempo and mode of sequence evolution in mitochondrial DNA of HawaiianDrosophila View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1987-11

AUTHORS

Rob DeSalle, Toby Freedman, Ellen M. Prager, Alan C. Wilson

ABSTRACT

Sequence comparisons were made for up to 667 bp of DNA cloned from 14 kinds of Hawaiian Drosophila and five other dipteran species. These sequences include parts of the genes for NADH dehydrogenase (subunits 1, 2, and 5) and rRNA (from the large ribosomal subunit). Because the times of divergence among these species are known approximately, the sequence comparisons give insight into the evolutionary dynamics of this molecule. Transitions account for nearly all of the differences between sequences that have diverged by less than 2%: for these sequences the mean rate of divergence appears to be about 2%/Myr. In comparisons involving greater divergence times and greater sequence divergence, relatively more of the sequence differences are due to transversions. Specifically, the fraction of these differences that are counted as transversions rises from an initial value of less than 0.1 to a plateau value of nearly 0.6. The time required to reach half of the plateau value, about 10 Myr, is similar to that for mammalian mtDNA. The mtDNAs of flies and mammals are also alike in the shape of the curve relating the percentage of positions at which there are differences in protein-coding regions to the time of divergence. For both groups of animals, the curve has a steep initial slope ascribable to fast accumulation of synonymous substitutions and a shallow final slope resulting from the slow accumulation of substitutions causing amino acid replacements. However, the percentage of all sites that can experience a high rate of substitution appears to be only about 8% for fly mtDNA compared to about 20% for mammalian mtDNA.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) More... »

PAGES

157-164

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1976-09. Complementary base pairing and the origin of substitution mutations in NATURE
  • 1987-08. Mitochondrial DNA of the extinct quagga: Relatedness and extent of postmortem change in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1984-11. Molecular evolution inDrosophila and the higher diptera in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1986-02. Mitochondrial DNA variability in natural populations of Hawaiian Drosophila. I. Methods and levels of variability in D. silvestris and D. heteroneura populations in HEREDITY
  • 1982-07. Mitochondrial DNA sequences of primates: Tempo and mode of evolution in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1986-02. Mitochondrial DNA variability in natural populations of Hawaiian Drosophila. II. Genetic and phylogenetic relationships of natural populations of D. silvestris and D. heteroneura in HEREDITY
  • 1982-07. Molecular evolution inDrosophila and higher diptera in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1985. The Mitochondrial Genome of Animals in MOLECULAR EVOLUTIONARY GENETICS
  • 1970. The Evolutionary Biology of the Hawaiian Drosophilidae in ESSAYS IN EVOLUTION AND GENETICS IN HONOR OF THEODOSIUS DOBZHANSKY
  • 1976-12. Solution to a gene divergence problem under arbitrary stable nucleotide transition probabilities in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1976-02. Inference of the time of origin of some Drosophila species in NATURE
  • 1984-11. DNA sequences from the quagga, an extinct member of the horse family in NATURE
  • 1982-02. Evolution of drosophila on the newer hawaiian volcanoes in HEREDITY
  • 1985-11. The mitochondrial DNA molecule ofDrosophila yakuba: Nucleotide sequence, gene organization, and genetic code in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1984-05. Conservation and change in the DNA sequences coding for alcohol dehydrogenase in sibling species of Drosophila in NATURE
  • 1986-03. Mitochondrial DNA evolution in themelanogaster species subgroup ofDrosophila in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1983-07. Drosophila melanogaster mitochondrial DNA, a novel organization and genetic code in NATURE
  • 1983-03. Transitions and transversions in evolutionary descent: An approach to understanding in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • 1983-09. Transitions and transversions in evolutionary descent: An approach to understanding in JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR EVOLUTION
  • Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02111289

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02111289

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1052763044

    PUBMED

    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/3125333


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