Repeats of base oligomers as the primordial coding sequences of the primeval earth and their vestiges in modern genes View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1984-08

AUTHORS

Susumu Ohno

ABSTRACT

Three outstanding properties uniquely qualify repeats of base oligomers as the primordial coding sequences of all polypeptide chains. First, when compared with randomly generated base sequences in general, they are more likely to have long open reading frames. Second, periodical polypeptide chains specified by such repeats are more likely to assume either alpha-helical or beta-sheet secondary structures than are polypeptide chains of random sequence. Third, provided that the number of bases in the oligomeric unit is not a multiple of 3, these internally repetitious coding sequences are impervious to randomly sustained base substitutions, deletions, and insertions. This is because the recurring periodicity of their polypeptide chains is given by three consecutive copies of the oligomeric unit translated in three different reading frames. Accordingly, when one reading frame is open, the other two are automatically open as well, all three being capable of coding for polypeptide chains of identical periodicity. Under this circumstance, a frame shift due to the deletion or insertion of a number of bases that is not a multiple of 3 fails to alter the down-stream amino acid sequence, and even a base change causing premature chain-termination can silence only one of the three potential coding units. Newly arisen coding sequences in modern organisms are oligomeric repeats, and most of the older genes retain various vestiges of their original internal repetitions. Some of the genes (e.g., oncogenes) have even inherited the property of being impervious to randomly sustained base changes. More... »

PAGES

313-321

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02104737

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02104737

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1034838417

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6439885


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