Monitoring of exposure to styrene oxide by GC-MS analysis of phenylhydroxyethyl esters in hemoglobin View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1993-01

AUTHORS

O. Sepai, D. Anderson, B. Street, I. Bird, P. B. Farmer, E. Bailey

ABSTRACT

Styrene oxide, which is the genotoxically active metabolite of styrene, reacts in vivo with carboxylic acid residues in hemoglobin forming phenylhydroxyethyl esters. Mild alkali hydrolysis cleaves these ester adducts, yielding styrene glycol, which in human blood labelled in vitro with 14C-styrene oxide accounted for 15% of the total radioactivity covalently bound to the protein. A quantitative assay procedure has been developed for measuring the base released styrene glycol in globin. The method utilizes solvent extraction followed by trimethylsilyl ether derivatization and separation and quantitation by capillary gas chromatography with selective ion recording mass spectrometry. Globin labelled in vitro with d8-styrene oxide was used as the internal standard. The method was used to establish a dose-response relationship in rats given single i.p. doses of styrene oxide (83.3-833 mumol/kg body wt). The method, which allows quantitation of the adducts down to levels of 15 pmol/g globin, has the potential to act as a dosimeter for industrial workers exposed to styrene or styrene oxide. More... »

PAGES

28-33

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02072031

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02072031

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1039278246

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8452476


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52 schema:description Styrene oxide, which is the genotoxically active metabolite of styrene, reacts in vivo with carboxylic acid residues in hemoglobin forming phenylhydroxyethyl esters. Mild alkali hydrolysis cleaves these ester adducts, yielding styrene glycol, which in human blood labelled in vitro with 14C-styrene oxide accounted for 15% of the total radioactivity covalently bound to the protein. A quantitative assay procedure has been developed for measuring the base released styrene glycol in globin. The method utilizes solvent extraction followed by trimethylsilyl ether derivatization and separation and quantitation by capillary gas chromatography with selective ion recording mass spectrometry. Globin labelled in vitro with d8-styrene oxide was used as the internal standard. The method was used to establish a dose-response relationship in rats given single i.p. doses of styrene oxide (83.3-833 mumol/kg body wt). The method, which allows quantitation of the adducts down to levels of 15 pmol/g globin, has the potential to act as a dosimeter for industrial workers exposed to styrene or styrene oxide.
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