Studies in scientific collaboration View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1978-09

AUTHORS

D. deB Beaver, R. Rosen

ABSTRACT

From a historical and sociological perspective, this essay presents and develops the first comprehensive theory of scientific collaboration: collaborative scientific research, formally acknowledged by co-authorships of scientific papers, originated, developed, and continues to be practiced as a response to the professionalization of science. Following an overview of the origins and early history of collaboration in the 17th and 18th centuries, a study of the first professionalized scientific community, that of Napoleonic France, confirms that, as the theory predicts, collaboration is a typical research style associated with professionalization. In the early 19th century, virtually all joint research was performed by French scientists; collaborative research only appeared much later in England and Germany when they, too, underwent professionalization. That historical finding, which constitutes a puzzling anomaly for any other view of scientific teamwork, here conforms to theoretical expectation. Several other predictions of the theory are presented, to be taken-up in subsequent studies. More... »

PAGES

65-84

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02016840

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf02016840

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003400053


Indexing Status Check whether this publication has been indexed by Scopus and Web Of Science using the SN Indexing Status Tool
Incoming Citations Browse incoming citations for this publication using opencitations.net

JSON-LD is the canonical representation for SciGraph data.

TIP: You can open this SciGraph record using an external JSON-LD service: JSON-LD Playground Google SDTT

[
  {
    "@context": "https://springernature.github.io/scigraph/jsonld/sgcontext.json", 
    "about": [
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/08", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Information and Computing Sciences", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/16", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Studies in Human Society", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/0807", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Library and Information Studies", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }, 
      {
        "id": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/1605", 
        "inDefinedTermSet": "http://purl.org/au-research/vocabulary/anzsrc-for/2008/", 
        "name": "Policy and Administration", 
        "type": "DefinedTerm"
      }
    ], 
    "author": [
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "Department of History of Science, Williams College, 01267, Williamstown, Mass, (USA)", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/grid.268275.c", 
          "name": [
            "Department of History of Science, Williams College, 01267, Williamstown, Mass, (USA)"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Beaver", 
        "givenName": "D. deB", 
        "id": "sg:person.010161755403.56", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010161755403.56"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }, 
      {
        "affiliation": {
          "alternateName": "61 East 11th St., 10003, New York City, New York, (USA)", 
          "id": "http://www.grid.ac/institutes/None", 
          "name": [
            "61 East 11th St., 10003, New York City, New York, (USA)"
          ], 
          "type": "Organization"
        }, 
        "familyName": "Rosen", 
        "givenName": "R.", 
        "id": "sg:person.012727124276.84", 
        "sameAs": [
          "https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012727124276.84"
        ], 
        "type": "Person"
      }
    ], 
    "datePublished": "1978-09", 
    "datePublishedReg": "1978-09-01", 
    "description": "From a historical and sociological perspective, this essay presents and develops the first comprehensive theory of scientific collaboration: collaborative scientific research, formally acknowledged by co-authorships of scientific papers, originated, developed, and continues to be practiced as a response to the professionalization of science. Following an overview of the origins and early history of collaboration in the 17th and 18th centuries, a study of the first professionalized scientific community, that of Napoleonic France, confirms that, as the theory predicts, collaboration is a typical research style associated with professionalization. In the early 19th century, virtually all joint research was performed by French scientists; collaborative research only appeared much later in England and Germany when they, too, underwent professionalization. That historical finding, which constitutes a puzzling anomaly for any other view of scientific teamwork, here conforms to theoretical expectation. Several other predictions of the theory are presented, to be taken-up in subsequent studies.", 
    "genre": "article", 
    "id": "sg:pub.10.1007/bf02016840", 
    "inLanguage": "en", 
    "isAccessibleForFree": false, 
    "isPartOf": [
      {
        "id": "sg:journal.1089056", 
        "issn": [
          "0138-9130", 
          "1588-2861"
        ], 
        "name": "Scientometrics", 
        "publisher": "Springer Nature", 
        "type": "Periodical"
      }, 
      {
        "issueNumber": "1", 
        "type": "PublicationIssue"
      }, 
      {
        "type": "PublicationVolume", 
        "volumeNumber": "1"
      }
    ], 
    "keywords": [
      "professionalization of science", 
      "first comprehensive theory", 
      "Napoleonic France", 
      "scientific teamwork", 
      "early history", 
      "French scientists", 
      "historical findings", 
      "collaborative scientific research", 
      "professionalization", 
      "scientific collaboration", 
      "century", 
      "sociological perspective", 
      "research style", 
      "joint research", 
      "essay", 
      "France", 
      "England", 
      "history", 
      "scientific research", 
      "Germany", 
      "collaborative research", 
      "collaboration", 
      "style", 
      "community", 
      "perspective", 
      "scientific community", 
      "scientists", 
      "origin", 
      "science", 
      "scientific papers", 
      "view", 
      "research", 
      "theory", 
      "overview", 
      "expectations", 
      "comprehensive theory", 
      "paper", 
      "subsequent studies", 
      "study", 
      "anomalies", 
      "response", 
      "theoretical expectations", 
      "findings", 
      "teamwork", 
      "prediction", 
      "typical research style", 
      "underwent professionalization"
    ], 
    "name": "Studies in scientific collaboration", 
    "pagination": "65-84", 
    "productId": [
      {
        "name": "dimensions_id", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "pub.1003400053"
        ]
      }, 
      {
        "name": "doi", 
        "type": "PropertyValue", 
        "value": [
          "10.1007/bf02016840"
        ]
      }
    ], 
    "sameAs": [
      "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02016840", 
      "https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003400053"
    ], 
    "sdDataset": "articles", 
    "sdDatePublished": "2021-12-01T19:02", 
    "sdLicense": "https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/", 
    "sdPublisher": {
      "name": "Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project", 
      "type": "Organization"
    }, 
    "sdSource": "s3://com-springernature-scigraph/baseset/20211201/entities/gbq_results/article/article_129.jsonl", 
    "type": "ScholarlyArticle", 
    "url": "https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02016840"
  }
]
 

Download the RDF metadata as:  json-ld nt turtle xml License info

HOW TO GET THIS DATA PROGRAMMATICALLY:

JSON-LD is a popular format for linked data which is fully compatible with JSON.

curl -H 'Accept: application/ld+json' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02016840'

N-Triples is a line-based linked data format ideal for batch operations.

curl -H 'Accept: application/n-triples' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02016840'

Turtle is a human-readable linked data format.

curl -H 'Accept: text/turtle' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02016840'

RDF/XML is a standard XML format for linked data.

curl -H 'Accept: application/rdf+xml' 'https://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf02016840'


 

This table displays all metadata directly associated to this object as RDF triples.

123 TRIPLES      21 PREDICATES      75 URIs      65 LITERALS      6 BLANK NODES

Subject Predicate Object
1 sg:pub.10.1007/bf02016840 schema:about anzsrc-for:08
2 anzsrc-for:0807
3 anzsrc-for:16
4 anzsrc-for:1605
5 schema:author N44852d7b3cd94a00b2e9e268dbd34892
6 schema:datePublished 1978-09
7 schema:datePublishedReg 1978-09-01
8 schema:description From a historical and sociological perspective, this essay presents and develops the first comprehensive theory of scientific collaboration: collaborative scientific research, formally acknowledged by co-authorships of scientific papers, originated, developed, and continues to be practiced as a response to the professionalization of science. Following an overview of the origins and early history of collaboration in the 17th and 18th centuries, a study of the first professionalized scientific community, that of Napoleonic France, confirms that, as the theory predicts, collaboration is a typical research style associated with professionalization. In the early 19th century, virtually all joint research was performed by French scientists; collaborative research only appeared much later in England and Germany when they, too, underwent professionalization. That historical finding, which constitutes a puzzling anomaly for any other view of scientific teamwork, here conforms to theoretical expectation. Several other predictions of the theory are presented, to be taken-up in subsequent studies.
9 schema:genre article
10 schema:inLanguage en
11 schema:isAccessibleForFree false
12 schema:isPartOf N44703bf37608443fae88fd9e800289ed
13 Nb966c5a2de22454aa9dfca0fd9aa1feb
14 sg:journal.1089056
15 schema:keywords England
16 France
17 French scientists
18 Germany
19 Napoleonic France
20 anomalies
21 century
22 collaboration
23 collaborative research
24 collaborative scientific research
25 community
26 comprehensive theory
27 early history
28 essay
29 expectations
30 findings
31 first comprehensive theory
32 historical findings
33 history
34 joint research
35 origin
36 overview
37 paper
38 perspective
39 prediction
40 professionalization
41 professionalization of science
42 research
43 research style
44 response
45 science
46 scientific collaboration
47 scientific community
48 scientific papers
49 scientific research
50 scientific teamwork
51 scientists
52 sociological perspective
53 study
54 style
55 subsequent studies
56 teamwork
57 theoretical expectations
58 theory
59 typical research style
60 underwent professionalization
61 view
62 schema:name Studies in scientific collaboration
63 schema:pagination 65-84
64 schema:productId N6b78566ae7284a629e8fded4c53be63e
65 N7baec09cc5bd40339fa57320fe3f15e5
66 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1003400053
67 https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02016840
68 schema:sdDatePublished 2021-12-01T19:02
69 schema:sdLicense https://scigraph.springernature.com/explorer/license/
70 schema:sdPublisher N41326d4f4e2049feb2587d53b28bc8c8
71 schema:url https://doi.org/10.1007/bf02016840
72 sgo:license sg:explorer/license/
73 sgo:sdDataset articles
74 rdf:type schema:ScholarlyArticle
75 N41326d4f4e2049feb2587d53b28bc8c8 schema:name Springer Nature - SN SciGraph project
76 rdf:type schema:Organization
77 N44703bf37608443fae88fd9e800289ed schema:volumeNumber 1
78 rdf:type schema:PublicationVolume
79 N44852d7b3cd94a00b2e9e268dbd34892 rdf:first sg:person.010161755403.56
80 rdf:rest N9f453214b54046c08b517e755c204397
81 N6b78566ae7284a629e8fded4c53be63e schema:name doi
82 schema:value 10.1007/bf02016840
83 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
84 N7baec09cc5bd40339fa57320fe3f15e5 schema:name dimensions_id
85 schema:value pub.1003400053
86 rdf:type schema:PropertyValue
87 N9f453214b54046c08b517e755c204397 rdf:first sg:person.012727124276.84
88 rdf:rest rdf:nil
89 Nb966c5a2de22454aa9dfca0fd9aa1feb schema:issueNumber 1
90 rdf:type schema:PublicationIssue
91 anzsrc-for:08 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
92 schema:name Information and Computing Sciences
93 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
94 anzsrc-for:0807 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
95 schema:name Library and Information Studies
96 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
97 anzsrc-for:16 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
98 schema:name Studies in Human Society
99 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
100 anzsrc-for:1605 schema:inDefinedTermSet anzsrc-for:
101 schema:name Policy and Administration
102 rdf:type schema:DefinedTerm
103 sg:journal.1089056 schema:issn 0138-9130
104 1588-2861
105 schema:name Scientometrics
106 schema:publisher Springer Nature
107 rdf:type schema:Periodical
108 sg:person.010161755403.56 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:grid.268275.c
109 schema:familyName Beaver
110 schema:givenName D. deB
111 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.010161755403.56
112 rdf:type schema:Person
113 sg:person.012727124276.84 schema:affiliation grid-institutes:None
114 schema:familyName Rosen
115 schema:givenName R.
116 schema:sameAs https://app.dimensions.ai/discover/publication?and_facet_researcher=ur.012727124276.84
117 rdf:type schema:Person
118 grid-institutes:None schema:alternateName 61 East 11th St., 10003, New York City, New York, (USA)
119 schema:name 61 East 11th St., 10003, New York City, New York, (USA)
120 rdf:type schema:Organization
121 grid-institutes:grid.268275.c schema:alternateName Department of History of Science, Williams College, 01267, Williamstown, Mass, (USA)
122 schema:name Department of History of Science, Williams College, 01267, Williamstown, Mass, (USA)
123 rdf:type schema:Organization
 




Preview window. Press ESC to close (or click here)


...