Amplitudes of explosion-generated seismic waves View Full Text


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Article Info

DATE

1962-01

AUTHORS

Markus Båth, Eysteinn Tryggvason

ABSTRACT

Records of underwater explosions in Iceland in 1959 and 1960, mainly performed for crustal studies, have been investigated with regard to amplitudes. The amplitudes ofP2 in the 1959 explosions and of the first arrivingP waves in the 1960 explosions were found to be proportional to the first power of the charge weight, whereas amplitudes ofP1 andS1 in the 1959 explosions were proportional to the 3/4-power of the charge up to 200 kg, but increased much slower for larger charges. The influence of water depth of shot point on the charge weights, required to obtain a certain amplitude, has been determined and it was found that the logarithm of the charge weight has a linear relation to water depth down to about 8 meters. The amplitudes of first arrivingP waves decrease as the inverse 2.2-power of the distance up to about 30 km. For greater distances an exponential decrease of the form (const./Δ) exp (−βΔ) is valid. ForP2 waves with a frequency of 10 cps we found β=0.027±0.003 km−1 for a profile across central Iceland and β=0.009±0.004 km−1 for a profile in the western part of Iceland. More... »

PAGES

91-99

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01992651

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01992651

DIMENSIONS

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