Potato blackleg: Epidemiology, host-pathogen interaction and control View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1992-03

AUTHORS

M. C. M. Pérombelon

ABSTRACT

Blackleg is caused byErwinia carotovora subsp.atroseptica (Eca) andE. chrysanthemi (Echr) in cool and hot climates respectively. The bacteria are opportunistic pathogens and rely on their strong pectolytic character to infect plants when conditions favor their multiplication. Blackleg is a seedborne disease and the bacteria can survive in a quiescent form in lenticels and wounds during storage. The contaminated mother tuber and not the blackleg plant is the main source of progeny tuber contamination. Other sources of the pathogen are airborne (insects and aerosols) erwinias deposited on leaves and from there to the soil and progeny tubers, and erwinias in rotting tubers smeared into wounds incurred during mechanical crop handling. Most seed tubers are contaminated but blackleg incidence is related to seed contamination level modulated by soil water status. Competitiveness of the erwinias in the rotting mother tuber is affected by temperature, Eca is favored at <25°C and Echr at higher temperatures. The ubiquitousE. carotovora subsp.carotovora apparently fails to compete successfully with the other erwinias and saprophytic pectolytic bacteria in mother tubers and therefore does not cause blackleg. Disease control measures are based on avoiding tuber contamination by cultural means (early harvesting), reducing tuber contamination level (dry storage and hot water treatment) and planting ‘clean’ seed identified by quantifying tuber contamination rather than by visual crop inspection. Finally, recently identified highly resistant, even under anaerobic conditions, wildSolanum spp. could be used to breed for resistant cultivars by conventional methods or by genetic engineering. More... »

PAGES

135-146

References to SciGraph publications

  • 1989. Factors Affecting Potato Blackleg Development in VASCULAR WILT DISEASES OF PLANTS
  • 1980-12. Contamination of pathogen-free seed potato stocks byErwinia carotovora during multiplication: Results of a six-year monitoring study in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1983-10. The bionomics ofErwinia carotovora in North Dakota in AMERICAN JOURNAL OF POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1990-10. Fertile somatic hybrids of Solanum species: RFLP analysis of a hybrid and its sexual progeny from crosses with potato in THEORETICAL AND APPLIED GENETICS
  • 1990-03. Erwinia carotovora subsp.atroseptica infection promotes verticillium wilt development in potato in Israel in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1988-12. Effects of contamination byErwinia carotovora subsp.carotovora andE. carotovora subsp.atroseptica of potato seed tubers and of cultivar resistance on blanking or nonemergence and blackleg development in Valencia, Spain in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1966-09. Effect of inorganic fertilizers on the Incidence of potato blackleg disease in EUROPEAN POTATO JOURNAL
  • 1986-03. Contamination of progeny tubers of potato plants by seed- and leaf-borneErwinia carotovora in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1970-09. The effect of a film of water upon the oxygen status of a potato tuber in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1989. Preliminary Studies on the Control of Potato Blackleg By a Hot Water Treatment of Seed Tubers in VASCULAR WILT DISEASES OF PLANTS
  • 1974-06. The role of the seed tuber in the contamination byErwinia carotovora of potato crops in Scotland in POTATO RESEARCH
  • 1975-03. Studies on the initiation of bacterial soft rot in potato tubers in POTATO RESEARCH
  • Journal

    TITLE

    Netherlands Journal of Plant Pathology

    ISSUE

    Suppl 2

    VOLUME

    98

    Author Affiliations

    Identifiers

    URI

    http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01974480

    DOI

    http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01974480

    DIMENSIONS

    https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1016314314


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