Estrogen-dependent, tamoxifen-resistant tumorigenic growth of MCF-7 cells transfected with HER2/neu View Full Text


Ontology type: schema:ScholarlyArticle     


Article Info

DATE

1992-06

AUTHORS

Christopher C. Benz, Gary K. Scott, Jay C. Sarup, Randolph M. Johnson, Debasish Tripathy, Ester Coronado, H. Michael Shepard, C. Kent Osborne

ABSTRACT

Since the poor prognosis associated with HER2 amplified breast cancers might be explained by a mechanistic association between p185HER2 overexpression and therapeutic resistance, we assessed the chemo-endocrine sensitivity of estrogen receptor (ER) containing MCF-7 breast cancer cells transfected with full-length HER2 cDNA. Of the 36 isolated MCF/HER2 subclones, 7 were found to overexpress p185HER2 surface receptor at levels 3 to 45-fold greater than parental or control transfected cells (MCF/neo). The overexpressing transfectants possessed increased inositol-1,4,5-triphosphate-3'-kinase activity comparable to enzyme activity in the endogenously HER2 amplified breast cancer cell lines SK-Br-3 and BT-474. The anti-p185HER2 monoclonal antibody and receptor-specific partial agonist, muMAb4D5 (4D5), known to inhibit growth of SK-Br-3 and BT-474 cells, produced no significant growth inhibitory effect on any of the transfectants including the 45-fold overexpressing MCF/HER2-18 cells which were studied in greater detail. MCF/HER2-18 cells contained at least partially functioning exogenous receptor since 4D5 (3 micrograms/ml) specifically stimulated phosphorylation of p185HER2 and its co-precipitating ptyr56 substrate within 5 min, and this was followed at 1 h by a transient induction of c-myc but not c-fos mRNA. ER content and the in vitro sensitivity of MCF/HER2-18 cells to 5-fluorouracil and adriamycin were identical to those of control transfectants and parental cells. However, these highly overexpressing transfectants had acquired low level (2 to 4-fold) resistance to cisplatin and were no longer sensitive to the antiestrogen tamoxifen (TAM). To compare the hormone-dependent tumorigenicity of the HER2 transfectants, MCF/HER2-18 and control cells (MCF, MCF/neo-3) were implanted into ovariectomized athymic nude mice. No tumors were produced in the absence of estradiol (E2) administration. In E2 supplemented mice, MCF/HER2-18 tumors grew most rapidly. When E2 treatment was stopped and daily TAM injections were initiated, MCF-7 and MCF/neo-3 tumor growth ceased immediately, while MCF/HER2-18 tumors continued to show an accelerated growth rate lasting weeks. This pattern of hormone-dependent, TAM-resistant growth exhibited by the MCF/HER2-18 tumors in nude mice supports the possibility that p185HER2 overexpression in human breast cancers may be linked to therapeutic resistance. More... »

PAGES

85-95

References to SciGraph publications

Journal

TITLE

Breast Cancer Research and Treatment

ISSUE

2

VOLUME

24

Identifiers

URI

http://scigraph.springernature.com/pub.10.1007/bf01961241

DOI

http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/bf01961241

DIMENSIONS

https://app.dimensions.ai/details/publication/pub.1002229729

PUBMED

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8095168


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